Crisis & Decline in Bunyoro: Population & Environment in Western Uganda, 1860-1955

By Hoag, Heather J. | The International Journal of African Historical Studies, January 1, 2007 | Go to article overview

Crisis & Decline in Bunyoro: Population & Environment in Western Uganda, 1860-1955


Hoag, Heather J., The International Journal of African Historical Studies


Crisis & Decline in Bunyoro: Population & Environment in Western Uganda, 1860-1955. By Shane Doyle. Athens: Ohio University Press; Oxford: James Currey; Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2006. Pp. xii, 276; 27 illustrations, 5 maps. $49.95 cloth, $26.95 paper.

The 1890s was a traumatic decade for much of East Africa. Rinderpest devastated livestock populations, while infestations of jiggers crippled many communities. Colonial conquest further weakened societies, in some cases limiting their ability to produce food and maintain ecological control of their environments. Historians continue to assess the diverse impacts these changes had on Africans' health. What factors led some societies to recover more quickly from the demographic challenges of the late nineteenth century? What accounts for the rising fertility rates in the early years of colonial rule? Building upon the work of Helge Kjekshus, Juhani Koponen, James Giblin, and Jean-Pierre Chrétien, Shane Doyle in Crisis & Decline in Bunyoro: Population & Environment in Western Uganda, 1860-1955 examines the impact of colonial conquest on demography and environmental control in one of East Africa's major kingdoms, the Bunyoro of Uganda. Unlike other East African states, Bunyoro did not recover quickly from the difficulties of the 1890s. Drawing upon available archival and oral sources, Doyle contends that Bunyoro's demographic decline in the first half of the twentieth century was caused by political upheaval and colonial neglect that destabilized Bunyoro society and increased the prevalence of disease, malnutrition, and poverty.

Following a short introduction to the historiography of African demography, Chapters 1 and 2 explore how the precolonial Bunyoro state was able to utilize the region's environmental resources to support one of East Africa's largest populations. By creating a predominantly peaceful environment that fostered economic expansion, stable settlement, and organized activities such as grass burning, hunting, and rain-making, the state allowed for a certain degree of ecological control. Refuting claims that by the eighteenth century the state was on the decline, Doyle shows how under the leadership of Kabaleega (1871-99) Bunyoro took advantage of the burgeoning long-distance trade to bolster the kingdom's place in the regional economy, while centralizing state authority and crafting Bunyoro's military into one of the strongest in East Africa.

Bunyoro's economic, demographic, and geographic expansion was shortlived. Motivated by their desire to secure Buganda and the Nile River, the personal ambitions of "ground-level imperialists" (p. 75), and hatred for Kabaleega, between 1893 and 1899 British forces waged one of the longest colonial conquests in East Africa. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Crisis & Decline in Bunyoro: Population & Environment in Western Uganda, 1860-1955
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.