The Shield and the Cloak: The Security of the Commons
Lloyd, Richmond M., Naval War College Review
Hart, Gary. The Shield and the Cloak: The Security of the Commons. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2006. 194pp. $22
Gary Hart offers a bold grand strategy to deal with the complexities of security in the twenty-first century. He states that America will fail in defining its role in the world if it does not recognize a broader definition of security. Security narrowly defined as "prevention of physical harm by creating a protective shield" is insufficient. The "cloak" of economic, environmental, health, energy, educational, and government security provides "genuine security."
Hart argues against the Bush administration's "narrow" focus on the war on terrorism, the promotion of democracy, and its emphasis on unilateralism and preemptive use of military force.
Hart's cooperative security strategy embraces liberalism expanded to deal with a multidimensional security environment. A major theme is securing the "commons." "Central, is a sense that we are not alone, that our security, in an age of global integration, is reliant on a global community-a commons-with increased opportunity and responsibility."
Three principles inform Hart's grand strategy. First, "Our economic cloak is the basis of our strength, and our strength is the basis for our world leadership." Hart calls for investment in knowledge through a new national security education act to increase scientists, engineers, and teachers. His energy policy would encourage moves toward independence (zero imports). A Persian Gulf treaty alliance comprising oil-producing and consuming nations would guarantee oil flow. Hart's economic agenda would reward savings, investment, and productivity and penalize borrowing, debt, and consumption. …