Gender Effect on Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill: A Survey of Turkish University Students

By Savrun, Bayram Mert; Arikan, Kemal et al. | The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, January 1, 2007 | Go to article overview

Gender Effect on Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill: A Survey of Turkish University Students


Savrun, Bayram Mert, Arikan, Kemal, Uysal, Omer, Cetin, Gunay, et al., The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences


Abstract: This study investigates gender-associated characteristics of attitudes towards the mentally ill in a large sample of Turkish university students. Factors associated with gender variation were also analyzed. Materials and methods: Student's t-test and linear regression analyses of the results of a vignette-based opinion survey conducted on a sample of final-year Turkish university students (n=700) were performed. The survey consisted of the following: the "Dangerousness Scale," "Characteristics Scale," "Skill Assessment Scale," "Social Distance Scale," "Affective Reaction Scale" and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Results: The results showed a statistically significant difference between female and male respondents with regard to their answers to the questions on the "Dangerousness Scale," "Characteristics Scale" and the "Skill Assessment Scale." In all of these three scales, female respondents showed a less stigmatizing attitude than the male respondents. This gender effect continued after controlling for the subjects' age and family income. In female respondents, parents' level of education and a more positive attitude about treatment of mental illness predicted less stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness. Conclusions: The findings suggest that gender difference in this sample has an impact on the stigmatization phenomenon in an independent fashion. A more positive view of female university students towards the mentally ill might be due to their comparatively optimistic attitudes about the treatability of mental illnesses. The observed gender difference seems to be accentuated by the fact that female students' parents' level of education was higher than that of their male counterparts.

Introduction

Stigma has been identified by professionals as a key issue in mental illness (1, 2). Stigmatizing attitudes may inhibit help seeking among individuals with a mental disorder (3, 4), provide barriers to their successful reintegration into society (5), and increase their psychological distress (6).

Previous research findings on gender and stigma have been mixed. In an early review by Farina, the author summarized results of community surveys conducted before the 1980s in the United States, with a conclusion that males and females tended not to differ in their overall attitudes towards individuals with mental illness (7). Literature on community attitudes towards the mentally ill demonstrated a sudden surge in the following years. Only recently stigma has been depicted as different dimensions of attitudes, not always consistently correlated with each other. Among these stigmadependent measures employed with success in previous research are the questionnaires that separately address the subn r ; jects social avoidance ofcontact with the patient; the ; r subjects beliefs about whether persons with mental ; r illness are likeh/ to be dangerous to others; the sub" Ject's rePorted affective reaction t0 being acq"ainted with the Patient; the subJect's view of the Patient's de" gree of blame and responsibility for his/her disease and a measure of the subJect's opinion on the Pa" tient's social skills (8). Specific stud>r of these dimen" sions might lead to a better understanding of the nature of stigma>aUowing for development of effective community de-stigmatization programs.

In this study, we investigated the influence of gender on characteristics of stigmatizing attitudes by use of stigma-dependent measures in a large survey of Turkish undergraduate university students. We sought to test the hypothesis of whether gender should be considered in the analysis of study results on stigma, and to identify which factors might be associated with the gender effect.

Materials and Methods

We recruited 700 final-year students from the Management and Economics Faculty of the University of Marmara, Istanbul, Turkey. Their mean ages were 22.2±1.8 (range: 18-32 years). Mean ages for females and males were 21. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Gender Effect on Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill: A Survey of Turkish University Students
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.