Exploring the Development of Australian General Practice Nursing: Where We Have Come from and Where to from Here?

By Halcomb, Elizabeth J.; Davidson, Patricia M. et al. | Contemporary Nurse : a Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, August 1, 2007 | Go to article overview

Exploring the Development of Australian General Practice Nursing: Where We Have Come from and Where to from Here?


Halcomb, Elizabeth J., Davidson, Patricia M., Patterson, Elizabeth, Contemporary Nurse : a Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession


INTRODUCTION

Despite the pivotal roles played by general practice nurses in health care delivery in the United Kingdom (UK) and New Zealand (NZ), the role of Australian practice nurses is much less apparent in the health care system (Halcomb & Davidson 2006). Whilst professional nursing organisations, such as the Royal College of Nursing, Australia (RCNA) and the Australian Practice Nurses Association (APNA) have demonstrated leadership in professional development, practice nurses are still not well represented within local Divisions of General Practice (Kalucy, Hann & Whaites 2004), or in discussions of general practice issues (National Expert Committee on Standards for General Practices 2005). Given the current critical stage of role development, it is important that Australian practice nurses have a clear understanding of the development of their specialty and are also able to identify strategic future directions.

A significant body of exploratory and descriptive research has been published by Australian authors to date reporting on practice nurse demographics, characteristics and consumer perceptions (Appleby et al. 1999; Armstrong 2001; Australian Divisions of General Practice Ltd 2001; Bonawit & Watson 1996; Cheek et al. 2002; Halcomb et al. 2007b; Halcomb & Davidson 2006; Le Sueur & Barnard 1993; Linn 1969; Lockwood & Maguire 2000; Patterson 2000, 2003; Patterson, Del Mar & Najman 1999a,b,2000; Patterson & McMurray 2003; Vincent, Hogan & Sweeney 2001 ; Watts et al. 2004; Whitecross 2000; Whitecross 1999; Willis, Condon & Litt 1998, 2000a,b).This literature has previously been extensively reviewed and critically analysed (Halcomb et al. 2004, 2005, 2006). Whilst such literature provides significant evidence of the professional development trajectory of the specialty many of these papers report findings from the period immediately before health system changes began to fuel rapid development of the specialty. Further, the published literature is often the domain of academic researchers and does not always reflect the attitudes, values and beliefs of practicing clinicians. In addition to the delay to publication experienced in many scientific journals, many conference proceedings are often not translated to peer-reviewed publications. As is the case in many specialty areas, papers presented at conferences, both as podium presentations and posters, often fail to progress to publication for a range of reasons including resource constraints, author experience, time and the perceived value of publication (Hopewell & Clarke 2001). In spite of these limitations, the contents of conferences, particularly free papers and poster presentations, reflect the contemporaneous issues facing clinicians and researchers (Pellecchia 1999). Analysis of this discourse and content is important in identifying contemporary trends and directions. We have previously described the content of the first two Australian General Practice Nurse conferences (2003 and 2004)(Halcomb et al. 2006). This process has been useful in documenting trends in a period of accelerated growth and development of the specialty. This paper aims to document the progress of role and issue development through a content analysis of the proceedings of the four Australian General Practice Nurse conferences held to date (2003-2006).

RESEARCH METHODS

The Royal College of Nursing Australia (RCNA) is a peak professional body for Australian nurses, including special interest groups (Royal College of Nursing Australia 2007). Since 2003, the RCNA has conducted four annual National General Practice Nurse conferences. In addition to the authors attending these events and collecting field notes, the final conference proceedings were critically analysed using content analysis techniques. This process was conducted by the primary author (EJH) and then verified by a second author (PMD or EP) to enhance the validity and reliability of the analysis. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Exploring the Development of Australian General Practice Nursing: Where We Have Come from and Where to from Here?
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.