Pregnancy and Childbirth: Joy or Despair? Women and Gender-Generated Crimes of Violence

By Richey, Lisa Ann | African Studies Review, September 2007 | Go to article overview

Pregnancy and Childbirth: Joy or Despair? Women and Gender-Generated Crimes of Violence


Richey, Lisa Ann, African Studies Review


HEALTH AND DISEASE Julie Stewart, Ellen Sithole, Elizabeth Gwaunza, Tsitsi Nzira, Dumisni Mashingaidze, Theresa Moyo, Kebokile Dengu-Zvobgo, and Joyce Kazembe. Pregnancy and Childbirth: Joy or Despair? Women and Gender-Generated Crimes of Violence. Harare: Women and Law in Southern Africa Research and Educational Trust, 2001. 164 pp. Bibliography. Index. $24.95. Paper.

A team of researchers from the Women and Law in Southern Africa Research and Educational Trust (WLSA) has published this book as part of their three-year study to document how women fare in the justice delivery system of Zimbabwe. The book focuses on the "gender-generated crimes of violence"-abortion, infanticide, concealment of birth and baby dumping-and tries to place these crimes in a larger social and economic context of gender inequality in Zimbabwe; it examines how women who have committed such crimes are reported to the authorities, charged, tried, sentenced, and rehabilitated. The book's conclusion gives concrete recommendations for improving the ways in which such crimes are handled, focusing on prevention and rehabilitation.

A critical reader of this book may point immediately to the lack of coherent methodology, inadequate data due to the secrecy of the topic (compounded by Zimbabwe's political situation at the time of the fieldwork), and conclusions that are not drawn from a rigorous analysis of empirical data or theoretical argument. However, despite the book's limitations, it holds merit on two levels. First, it raises difficult topics for critical analysis-issues that are not yet resolved, either judicially or theoretically, in contexts where gender relations are more egalitarian and institutionalized discrimination less common than in Zimbabwe. Second, it documents in honest and candid ways a process of social change on gender issues.

The crimes analyzed are "women-only" crimes and "survival" crimes-"crimes committed by women in order to remove a perceived threat to women's social, cultural and economic survival" (23). The authors are clear that they are not apologists for the women who commit these crimes, but instead seek to understand the social circumstances that produce such women as "criminals." Thus the book begins with an outline of the control of female sexuality by male relatives and Zimbabwean society at large, including restrictions on reproduction such as birth control or abortion. While most of the examples from women who committed such crimes indicate difficult social discrimination and extreme poverty, "a woman stands alone in the dock when criminal charges are preferred against her for abortion and other reproductive role related crimes" (28). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Pregnancy and Childbirth: Joy or Despair? Women and Gender-Generated Crimes of Violence
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.