A First Description of Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous Members in Greece: Prior Treatment History and Opinions about Professionals

By Flora, Katerina; Raftopoulos, Antonis | Contemporary Drug Problems, April 1, 2007 | Go to article overview

A First Description of Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous Members in Greece: Prior Treatment History and Opinions about Professionals


Flora, Katerina, Raftopoulos, Antonis, Contemporary Drug Problems


1. Introduction

The main aim of this article is to present some of the basic findings of research intended to give a current general picture of the groups of Narcotics Anonymous (NA) and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in Greece. Specifically, this article presents the facts concerning the help the members receive from the group and from other sources, their unmet needs and their attitudes towards professionals in the field of addiction. Also, we compare these findings with equivalent facts from other studies. Our research was descriptive rather than testing hypotheses, since there was no similar previous research in Greece.

The concept of self-help is connected mostly or exclusively with the personal sense of responsibility, which is the activation and utilization of "your own means" towards needs relating to the handling of personal problems. The term "self-help groups" refers to groups of people with common or similar problems, as for example diabetics, alcoholics, addicted, mentally ill, or to psychotherapeutic groups that focus on personal growth through the common working-out of experiences and solution of the problems of fellow-sufferers (Bairaktaris 1994). The aim of the self-help group is not only to offer help, but to benefit from it, as well. (Riessman 1997).

There are other definitions of the basic concept of self-help and self-help groups, which may contribute to a better understanding of this field. According to the definition accepted by the World Health Organization (WHO), self-help refers to formal or informal "created social groups" in the frame of health care that find a common denominator in new forms of dealing with problems, with citizen autonomy, and with humanization of health care. Self-help groups, in this frame, are part of a wider phenomenon of alternative forms of care. The term "self-help" is used more widely than the word "mutual help," but the latter may be preferable because it put more emphasis on the mutuality than on self-interest (Kickbusch & Hatch 1983).

On the other hand, Katz and Bender formulated the most widely used definition of self-help groups: self-help groups are small, voluntary structures for the mutual help and the fulfillment of a specific purpose. They are usually created by people who unite with the purpose of offering help for the satisfaction of a common need, coping with a common difficulty or problems that threaten their lives, and to achieve desired social and/or personal change. The founders and the members of such groups believe that their needs are not satisfied or can't be satisfied by the existing social structures. Self-help groups emphasize direct social interaction and the assumption of personal responsibility by the members. They often offer material help as well as emotional support. They are often directed towards the cause of the problems and project an ideology or values through which the members may acquire a better awareness of their personal identity (Kickbusch & Hatch 1983).

Official information about the beginning of AA and NA in Greece has not previously been published. From our contact with long-term members of the groups, we collected some information. According to them, in about 1986-1987 soldiers at American bases in Greece, having experience with AA in their own country, created the first AA group in Greece. The same sources state that at the beginning of the 1980s an AA group was created in connection with the therapeutic program "18 Ano." Later, according to the same information, Greek people with problems of abuse of alcohol and illicit drugs followed their example. We should mention that the first meetings were English-speaking, until the basic core of Greek groups was created. NA and AA groups have operated occasionally in several towns in Greece. Unlike the permanent groups in Athens and Thessaloniki, the groups in smaller towns are unstable in their functioning. For that reason, we didn't involve all of them in the research, but only those which, according to available sources (members, the internet), have a more stable existence. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

A First Description of Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous Members in Greece: Prior Treatment History and Opinions about Professionals
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.