A Research on Sexual Difference in the Resident Space/A RESEARCH ON SEXUAL DIFFERENCE IN THE RESIDENT SPACE

By Yun, Ye; Xiaoyi, Hu et al. | Canadian Social Science, November 1, 2007 | Go to article overview

A Research on Sexual Difference in the Resident Space/A RESEARCH ON SEXUAL DIFFERENCE IN THE RESIDENT SPACE


Yun, Ye, Xiaoyi, Hu, Jie, Zhu, Canadian Social Science


Abstract:

Being the existence of human' life and activities; Space has been in close relationship between the gender and the society classes based on it. After the thoughts of feminism being introduced to the research on urban space in 1970s for the first time, gender difference in space environment is widely focused on and the research extends to the field of architecture. The establishment of "the Lab on the sexuality and space" indicates that there is more foucus on the subject. The present study is insufficient for an objective and systematic study about the gender difference and living space in special environment. Having "Wuhan Baubuting Block" and some ancient settlements in the southeast in Hubei as a case study, having carrying on the preceding literature research, exploring the theory behind the data, analyzing the transformation trend, in the perspective of humanism I suggest that eliminating the sexual difference in the living space is a way to improve the space arrangements.

Key words: the sexual difference, the habitation, the space environment, humanism

Résumé: Being the existence of human' life and activities; Space has been in close relationship between the gender and the society classes based on it. After the thoughts of feminism being introduced to the research on urban space in 1970s for the first time, gender difference in space environment is widely focused on and the research extends to the field of architecture. The establishment of "the Lab on the sexuality and space" indicates that there is more focus on the subject. The present study is insufficient for an objective and systematic study about the gender difference and living space in special environment. Having "Wuhan Baubuting Block" and some ancient settlements in the southeast in Hubei as a case study, having carrying on the preceding literature research, exploring the theory behind the data, analyzing the transformation trend, in the perspective of humanism I suggest that eliminating the sexual difference in the living space is a way to improve the space arrangements.

Mots-Clés: the sexual difference, the habitation, the space environment, humanism

1. AN INTRODUCTION

The difference between sexes exists in human's intelligence, physical strength and space cognition. The emphasis has widely been on the gender in urban space and in the architecture field. "The sexual differences" exist not only simply in physiology but also in society. The habitation is a solid and complex system with the ages and genders' discrepancy, which embodies itself in the interaction among the culture, the architectural and the environment.

The book The Environment and Psychology suggests that there are sexual differences in the requirements of space, but the book only elaborated the human psychological characteristic and the human sense, but not explored further into the correlation between different sexual demands and behavior. The significance of space gets rebirth because of the study on the sexual behavior discrepancy of the living space. In my opinion, abating the lasting separate of soul and body causing by the same environment space designing, we can achieve the objective of humanism.4

Since "The Lab on sexes and space" established in 1995, all kinds of movements, such as the discussion about the women's safe in public space, the women's participation in the small community, the movement relating to the equal quantity of pubic lavatory, the heterosexual comrade's space and the experimentative movement "the heterosexual lodge in the college", make contribution to the study on increasing the sexual space in society. In the mainland China the fender and space have been rarely studied except that Wang Hongwei studied the "sexuality and space". And he illuminated the relation between the gender and the space when he only treats space as the way of human surviving and activities. We studied the relationship between the sexual difference and living space, the interaction of psychological modes and behavior modes with the help of research strategies including field survey, questionnaire and analysis of the data. …

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