Factor Analysis and Psychometric Properties of the Mother-Adolescent Sexual Communication (MASC) Instrument for Sexual Risk Behavior

By Cox, Mary Foster PhD, Aprn; Fasolino, Tracy K. Ms, Aprn, PhD et al. | Journal of Nursing Measurement, December 1, 2008 | Go to article overview

Factor Analysis and Psychometric Properties of the Mother-Adolescent Sexual Communication (MASC) Instrument for Sexual Risk Behavior


Cox, Mary Foster PhD, Aprn, Fasolino, Tracy K. Ms, Aprn, PhD, Tavakoli, Abbas S. DrpH, Mph, Me, Journal of Nursing Measurement


Sexual risk behavior is a public health problem among adolescents living at or below poverty level. Approximately 1 million pregnancies and 3 million cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are reported yearly. Parenting plays a significant role in adolescent behavior, with mother-adolescent sexual communication correlated with absent or delayed sexual behavior. This study developed an instrument examining constructs of mother-adolescent communication, the Mother-Adolescent Sexual Communication (MASC) instrument. A convenience sample of 99 mothers of middle school children completed the self-administered questionnaires. The original 34-item MASC was reduced to 18 items. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the 18-item scale, which resulted in four factors explaining 84.63% of the total variance. Internal consistency analysis produced Cronbach alpha coefficients of .87, .90, .82, and .71 for the four factors, respectively. Convergent validity via hypothesis testing was supported by significant correlations with several subscales of the Parent-Child Relationship Questionnaire (PCRQ) with MASC factors, that is, content and style factors with warmth, personal relationships and disciplinary warmth subscales of the PCRQ, the context factor with personal relationships, and the timing factor with warmth. In light of these findings, the psychometric characteristics and multidimensional perspective of the MASC instrument show evidence of usefulness for measuring and advancing knowledge of mother and adolescent sexual communication techniques.

Keywords: instrument; parenting; sexual risk behavior; adolescent; family

Sexual risk behavior is a prevalent public health problem among adolescents (Besharov, 1999; Haffner, 1998; Johnson, 1997; Moss, 1994). Unprotected sexual activity places adolescents at risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and unintentional pregnancies (Besharov, 1999; Haffner, 1998; Johnson, 1997; Kann et al., 1998; Millstein, Moscicki, & Broering, 1993; Moore & Rosenthal, 1993; Moss, 1994). By their 18th birthday, 60% of female adolescents and more than 50% of male adolescents have engaged in sexual intercourse. Approximately 750,000 teen pregnancies occur each year, and 82% are unintended (Guttmacher Institute, 2006).

Those adolescents living at or below poverty level engage in sexual activity at an earlier age and more frequently than teenagers from higher income homes (Singh, Darroch, & Frost, 2001). Poverty is associated with higher rates of HIV and STIs and it affects the course of diseases (Tuinstra, Groothoff, van den Heuvel, & Post, 1998). These disturbing statistics highlight the need for understanding issues associated with sexual risk behaviors among socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents.

Parenting plays a significant role in adolescent risk behavior. Theoretical and empirical data suggest that mother-adolescent communication is directly correlated with absent or delayed adolescent sexual risk behavior (Clark & Shields, 1997; Jaccard, Dittus, & Litardo, 1998; Pistella & Bonati, 1998). Socialization literature indicates that parenting has a direct influence on childrenÊs self-esteem, personality, moral development, and independence, conformity to societal rules, social responsibility, and substance use (Baumrind, 1978, 1980, 1991; Bluestone & Tamis-LeMonda, 1999; Lamborn, Mounts, Steinberg, & Dornbusch, 1991; Steinberg, Lamborn, Darling, Mounts, & Dornbusch, 1994). Parental child-rearing practices affect both emotional and social development in adolescents, thereby impacting their tendency to participate in risk behaviors such as substance use, delinquency, and sexual activity (Baumrind, 1991; Grolnick & Ryan, 1989; Jaccard, Dittus, & Gordon, 1996; Maccoby & Martin, 1983).

Studies of the effect of mother-adolescent communication on sexual risk behavior present differing conclusions. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Factor Analysis and Psychometric Properties of the Mother-Adolescent Sexual Communication (MASC) Instrument for Sexual Risk Behavior
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.