Gen. Eric Shinseki to Lead Veterans Affairs

Army, January 2009 | Go to article overview

Gen. Eric Shinseki to Lead Veterans Affairs

President-elect Barack Obama has selected Gen. Eric K Shinseki, U.S. Army retired, to lead the Department of Vet- erans Affairs (VA). Gen. Shinseki served as Chief of Staff of the Army from 1999 to 2003 and Army Vice Chief of Staff from 1998-99. A 38-year Army veteran, he is noted for his vision of a network-centric Army and his plan to make the Army more strategically deployable.

Testifying before the Senate Armed Services Committee in February 2003, Gen. Shinseki publicly questioned the Bush administration's strategy of invading Iraq with a relatively small force and said several hundred thousand U.S. troops might be necessary to maintain peace following the invasion,

He retired from the service in June 2003. In November 2006, then-cornmanding general of U.S. Central Command Gen. John P. Abizaid testified before the Armed Services committee that "Gen. Shinseki was right."

Veterans and military leaders cheered the selection of Gen. Shinseki, who would replace Army Lt. Gen. (Dr.) James B. Peake as secretary of the VA, a cabinet-level appointment that must be approved by Congress. At the news conference announcing his nomination for the post, Gen. Shinseki said: "A word to my fellow veterans: If confirmed, I will work each and every day to ensure that we are serving you as well as you have served us."

Gen. Shinseki, 66, is the first four-star general of Asian- American ancestry in U.S. history and the first to lead a U.S. military service. A 1965 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, he held a variety of command and staff positions in the United States and abroad. Serving twice in Vietnam, he was awarded three Bronze Stars and two Purple Hearts. Gen. Shinseki holds a master's degree in English literature from Duke University, Durham, N.C. He graduated from the Armor Officer advanced course and attended the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and the National War College in Washington, D.C.

Before he became Vice Chief of Staff in 1998, Gen. Shinseki was commanding general, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army /commander, Allied Land Forces Central Europe, Germany, with additional duty as commander, NATO Stabilization Force, Bosnia-Herzegovinia.

Gen. Shinseki would take over the VA at a particularly challenging time. One of the largest agencies in the federal government, the VA employs some 240,000 people and last year had a budget of $93.4 billion, but processes claims so slowly that many veterans currently wait six months for disability benefits. The department is also scrambling to upgrade technology before August, when legislation providing new GI benefits takes effect.

DoD Addresses Importance of IW. The Pentagon recently approved a policy directive - Number 3000.07 - that elevates irregular warfare (IW) to equal status with traditional warfare. IW encompasses counterterrorism and counterinsurgency operations, guerrilla warfare, foreign internal defense and stability operations, and it can include a variety of steady-state and surge activities and operations.

The document defines irregular warfare as: "A violent struggle among state and nonstate actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant popula tion(s). Irregular warfare favors indirect and asymmetric approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capacities, in order to erode an adversary's power, influence, and will."

The 12-page directive, signed by Deputy Secretary of Defense Gordon England, spells out the duties and responsibilities of defense personnel, from undersecretaries to combatant commanders. It represents formal acceptance, after more than a year of debate, of the changing role of the military in a world where large-scale warfare poses a diminishing threat while dangers from nonstate entities, such as terrorists, grow. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Gen. Eric Shinseki to Lead Veterans Affairs


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    New feature

    It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia, and in an effort to make Questia easier to use for those people, we have added a new choice of font to the Reader. That font is called OpenDyslexic, and has been designed to help with some of the symptoms of dyslexia. For more information on this font, please visit

    To use OpenDyslexic, choose it from the Typeface list in Font settings.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.