School Psychology Program Partners with Illinois National Guard on Reintegration Program

By Dick, Silas F.; Linnell, Jacob V. et al. | National Association of School Psychologists. Communique, October 2008 | Go to article overview

School Psychology Program Partners with Illinois National Guard on Reintegration Program


Dick, Silas F., Linnell, Jacob V., Meyers, Adena B., Swerdlik, Mark E., National Association of School Psychologists. Communique


In the course of one of the authors (MES) working as a Red Gross volunteer providing mental health services to children and families of local National Guard Soldiers deployed to Iraq, he was contacted by the Illinois National Guard to explore the Illinois State University school psychology program's interest in evaluating a recently developed set of reintegration services for soldiers and families of combat veterans. "Tying the Yellow Ribbon" (TTYR) is a planned series of activities/services provided by the Illinois Army National Guard (ILARNG) that capitalizes on the outpouring of support from Illinois communities. Modeled after the successful program in Minnesota, the ILARNG seeks to ensure that military members and their families are adequately supported and trained for their reunion and reintegration after war.

Though empirical research on war veterans has mainly focused on Vietnam veterans, there have been a few studies conducted with veterans from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). Milliken, Auchterlonie, and Hoge (2007) reported that upon returning from war 17% of National Guardmembers return to their respective families and communities with mental health concerns. Furthermore, one of the most important findings from the Milliken et al. study is that more than twice as manynew cases of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were identified on a health reassessment administered 3 to 6 months after returning home than were identified on the initial assessment. This trend was similar for other health concerns such as alcohol use and interpersonal concerns. Johnson et al. (1997) analyzed homecoming stress for returning Vietnam veterans andfoundthat a soldier's concern about potentially having a negative homecoming experience was a better predictor of PTSD than combat exposure. These results demonstrate the need for formal reintegration services that increase the awareness of certain reintegration challenges for National Guard war veterans and their families.

Typical of any family system, stress placed upon a single family member affects family functioning as a whole. Soldier spouse distress has been found to be positively correlated with family disruption ratings. Parent distress scores collected during the deployment of the other spouse have been found to predict child behavior problems, child deployment reactions (Medway, Davis, Cafferty, Chappell, & O'Hearn, 1995), and child emotional distress (Jensen, Martin, & Watanabe, 1996). A study by Jensen, Bloedau, Degroot, Ussery, and Davis (1990) found that children's symptom levels were related to parental psychopathology and life stress. Aside from elevated ratings of anxiety and depression (Jensen, Grogan, Xenakis, & Bain, 1989), children can demonstrate the impact of deployment-related stresses through increased academic, interpersonal, and behavior problems (Medway et al.; Applewhite & Mays, 1996; Jensen et al.) . Increased personal distress of the parent at home impacts child distress and negative behavior levels, which could affect the parent's use of appropriate parenting skills and the coping skills of both the parent and child. Therefore, it is important to determine if resources provided to family members are being accessed and if they are meeting their specific needs.

Effective reintegration is defined differently by and for each individual family member, including the soldier. Both the soldier and his or her family members will have grown and developed in unique ways during deployment, which in turn presents unique challenges and potential stresses when trying to establish or re-establish family roles, routines, and habits.

A main purpose of this research collaboration is to provide the Illinois National Guard with data and formal feedback regarding the soldier and family satisfaction with and overall effectiveness of the reintegration services. The research team at Illinois State University is focused on evaluating the reintegration services through surveys administered to soldiers, spouses, and/or significant others at reintegration events. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

School Psychology Program Partners with Illinois National Guard on Reintegration Program
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.