Alcohol Dependence - One of the Causes of the Entire Family Criminal Activities

By Skrtic, Drazen; Karlovic, Ruza et al. | Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research, May 1, 2008 | Go to article overview

Alcohol Dependence - One of the Causes of the Entire Family Criminal Activities


Skrtic, Drazen, Karlovic, Ruza, Kruljac, Lana Milivojevic, Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research


INTRODUCTION

According to the World Health Organisation, alcohol is a legal psycho-active drug and alcoholism is an addiction that causes great medical and psychological damage to the alcohol addict and his or her primary family. Besides family's economical and emotional poverty, alcohol is becoming more and more a problem for the community in general. All dysfunctions that occur within the family manifest themselves as behavioural dysfunctions. Usually it happens that one spouse takes over all functions, especially those related to children, because the other marital partner, addicted to alcohol, neglected all his or her duties. The result is a dysfunctional family. In those types of families, children already have certain behavioural dysfunctions in the early stage of their life, which can later become criminal behaviour. Numerous literatures cited the fact that 1/3 of all marriages ended because of alcohol.

There are some researches about the influence of parental behaviour on juvenile delinquency in Croatia. Therefore, Basic and Zizak studied the importance of family communication and its influence on elementary school children's behaviour. The results show that a lack of communication, absence of closeness and individuality, detraction, and negative messages are all related to the children's delinquent behaviour. 1

FAMILY'S DIFFICULTIES CAUSED BY ALCOHOLISM

Alcoholics are a complex, community and medical problem common to all societies. According to the world health statistics, alcoholism is placed very high on the scale of serious illnesses. This high rank is the result of the developed culture of drinking, production and consumption of alcohol. Alcoholics face difficulties that can be medical and social. Medical difficulties caused by alcohol can be liver and pancreas damage, psychological disorders etc., while social difficulties are family problems. Family as a basic social community is the primary agent of socialization at the beginning of every individual's development. Children learn through parental model. Researches show that family has a strong influence on creating an individual's personality, points of view, attitude towards others and his or her family believes. Relationship quality between parents and children is extremely important for the future development of children into mature and responsible persons. Very famous researches conducted in the 1950s, topical even today, showed striking differences between delinquent and non- delinquent population regarding the style of family upbringing and the quality of time that parents dedicated to their children.2 Pathology presence in the family, for example father's alcoholism or some other forms of socio-pathological behaviour of family members, siblings, and mother has a negative influence on a young person's development. According to Singer, the Gluecks established that, statistically observing, families of delinquent children are more affected by alcohol and prone to crime than the families of non delinquent minors. In the pattern of delinquent juveniles 62.8% of fathers and 23% of mothers were addicted to alcohol and in the pattern of non-delinquent juveniles there were 39% of fathers and 7% of mothers addicted to alcohol. In this case study a high percentage of alcohol addicts appeared in non delinquent pattern as a result of high rate of alcoholism in working class in that period of time.2 Some juvenile delinquency researches in Zagreb and Croatia have mostly shown disturbed human relations in families of 33^45% juvenile delinquents. In the pattern of juveniles, perpetrators of violent and non- violent acts, the same author found that in 30% of cases the father was an alcoholic, and in 5% of cases other family members were alcoholics, more often in families of violent juvenile delinquents.3

THE INFLUENCE OF FAMILY MIGRATION ON ALCOHOLISM AND YOUTH DELINQUENCY

Migration is marked by the change of permanent place of residence. …

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