Gap in University Students' Performance: A Study in a Malaysian Public University/L'ECART DANS LA PERFORMANCE DES ETUDIANTS: UNE ÉTUDE DANS UNE UNIVERSITÉ PUBLIQUE MALAISIENNE

By Ghani, Erlane K. | Canadian Social Science, May 1, 2009 | Go to article overview

Gap in University Students' Performance: A Study in a Malaysian Public University/L'ECART DANS LA PERFORMANCE DES ETUDIANTS: UNE ÉTUDE DANS UNE UNIVERSITÉ PUBLIQUE MALAISIENNE


Ghani, Erlane K., Canadian Social Science


Abstract:

A body of literature has shown that testing students before their final examination serves as a motivational technique. These studies found that having test assessment would stimulates students' study effort and eventually improve their final examination score. Therefore, and arguably, students who performed well in their test assessment would reflect similar performance in their final examination. However, research has shown that students' scores in their test assessment may not be reflected in their final examination, creating a gap between the two scores.

This study examines whether there is a gap in university accounting students' performance between their test assessment score and their final examination score. If there is a gap between the two scores, this study further attempts to identify the factors that influence the gap between the two scores the gap. Four factors were chosen, namely, academic aptitude, preparation time, quantum of rewards offered and evaluation environment. Using questionnaire and secondary data of students' actual performance, this study provides evidence that there is a gap between the assessment score and the final examination score. Further findings show that out of the four factors, evaluation environment plays a significant factor in causing the gap between the two scores. The results of this study provide some understanding to academics and universities on the importance of evaluation environment to students' performance.

Key words: Gap; test assessment; final examination; accounting students

Résumé: Beaucoup d'études ont montré que le test avant l'examen final des étudiants sert de motivation technique. Ces études ont révélé que le fait d'avoir le test d'évaluation pourrait stimuler l'effort d'étude des étudiants et, éventuellement, améliorer leur résultat dans l'examen final. Par conséquent, les étudiants qui ont obtenu un bon résultat dans leur test d'évaluation pourraient avoir des performances similaires dans leur examen final. Cependant, la recherche a également montré que le résultat des étudiants dans le test d'évaluation pourrait aussi ne pas être reflété dans leur examen final, ce qui crée un écart entre ces deux résultats.

Cette étude examine si il y a ce genre d'écart chez les étudiants en comptabilité entre leur résultat de test d'évaluation et de leur examen final. S'il y a un écart entre les deux évaluations, cette étude tente d'identifier les facteurs qui influent sur l'écart entre ces deux évaluations. Quatre facteurs ont été choisies, à savoir l'aptitude scolaire, le temps de préparation, le quantum de récompenses offertes et l' environnement d'évaluation. En utilisant le questionnaire et les données secondaires de la performance réelle des élèves, cette étude fournit la preuve qu'il existe un écart entre le résultat du test d'évaluation et celui de l'examen final. D'autres résultats plus approfondis montrent que l' environnement d'évaluation joue un rôle important dans la provocation de l'écart entre les deux résultats. Les résultats de cette étude fournissent une certaine compréhension pour les académies et les universités sur l'importance de 1' environnement d'évaluation vis à vis de la performance des étudiants.

Mots-Clés: écart; test d'évaluation; examen final; étudiant en comptabilité

1. INTRODUCTION

There are a variety of techniques used to evaluate students. Few universities have implemented evaluation technique where students are evaluated based on the score achieved in the final examination. In this circumstance, students are taught and are expected to do their revision and assess their knowledge and understanding on their own before sitting for the final examination. However, one most common evaluation technique implemented by universities throughout the world is a combination of continuous assessment and final examination. Continuous assessment normally comprises of tests, quizzes, project paper and simulation among other types of assessment. …

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Gap in University Students' Performance: A Study in a Malaysian Public University/L'ECART DANS LA PERFORMANCE DES ETUDIANTS: UNE ÉTUDE DANS UNE UNIVERSITÉ PUBLIQUE MALAISIENNE
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