Prosocial Behavior Motivation of Acheness Volunteers in Helping Tsunami Disaster Victims/MOTIVATION DU COMPORTEMENT PRO-SOCIAL DES BÉNÉVOLES DE L'ACHENESS POUR AIDER LES VICTIMES DE LA CATASTROPHE DU TSUNAMI

By Safrilsyah; Jusoff, Kamaruzaman et al. | Canadian Social Science, May 1, 2009 | Go to article overview

Prosocial Behavior Motivation of Acheness Volunteers in Helping Tsunami Disaster Victims/MOTIVATION DU COMPORTEMENT PRO-SOCIAL DES BÉNÉVOLES DE L'ACHENESS POUR AIDER LES VICTIMES DE LA CATASTROPHE DU TSUNAMI


Safrilsyah, Jusoff, Kamaruzaman, Fadhil, Rahmat, Canadian Social Science


Abstract:

The purpose of this research is to explore pro-social behavior motivation of Acheness volunteers, who performed humanitarian activities in helping Tsunami victims in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Indonesia. The research was carried out from July 2005 to February 2006. Data were collected from 147 university students in Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar (86 males and 91 females) using two types of questionnaires: (1) Movitavion of Prosocial Behavior Index (MPBI) and Type of Prosocial Behavior Questionnaires (TPBQ), (2) Demographic characteristics for control data, survey and interview. Data were analyzed descriptively and statistical analysis (hypothesis testing) were done using Stepwise Multiple Regression procedure under SPSS/PC Ver.10.00. Results indicated that Pro-social Behavior Motivation of Acheness Volunteers in helping Tsunami victims in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam is Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis. Based on statistical analysis on 3 models of Pro-social Behavior Motivation (Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis, Negative State Relief Hypothesis and Empathic Joy Hypothesis) with demographic characteristics of respondents (age, educational background, domicile and sex) only motivation of Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis and sex are significantly correlated with pro-social behavior of Acheness volunteers in humanitarian activities and helping Tsunami victims. The respective R-square is 0.059 and 0.137, result of coefficient are 0.521 and 7.830. The dominant types of pro-social behavior of Acheness volunteers in this study are giving and sharing. They helped tsunami victims by psychosocial, counseling, story reading, games, discussion, and charity distributions.

Keywords: Prosocial Behavior; Aceh Volunteers; Tsunami victims

Résumé: Le but de cette recherche est d'étudier le comportement pro-social des bénévoles de l'Acheness, qui ont effectué des activités humanitaires pour aider les victimes du tsunami dans la province de Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, en Indonésie. La recherche a été réalisée à partir de Juillet 2005 à Février 2006. Les données ont été recueillies auprès de 147 étudiants universitaires de Banda Aceh et Aceh Besar (86 garçons et 91 filles) en utilisant deux types de questionnaires: (1) Indice de movitavion de comportement prosocial (MPBI) et le type de questionnaires sur le comportement prosocial (TPBQ), (2) Les caractéristiques démographiques pour le contrôle de données, d'enquête et d'entrevue. Les données ont été analysées descriptive et l'analyse statistique (test d'hypothèse) a été faite en utilisant la procédure de régression multiple et progressive de SPSS / PC Ver. 10.00. Les résultats indiquent que la motivation du comportement pro-social des bénévoles de l'Acheness pour aider les victimes du tsunami dans la province de Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam est l'hypothèse de l'empathie-altruisme. Sur la base de l'analyse statistique sur les 3 modèles de la motivation de comportement pro-social (hypothèse de l'empathie-altruisme, hypothèse de secours négatif de l'État et hypothèse de joie empathique) et selon les caractéristiques démographiques des personnes questionnées (âge, niveau d'éducation, le domicile et le sexe) , on a découvert que seulement la motivation de l'hypothèse de l'empathie-altruisme et le sexe sont significativement corrélées avec le comportement pro-social des bénévoles de l'Acheness dans les activités humanitaires et l'aide aux victimes du tsunami. Les R-carré est de 0,059 et 0,137 respectivement, et le résultat du coefficient sont de 0.521 et 7.830. Les principaux types de comportement pro-social des volontaires del'Acheness dans cette étude sont de donner et de partager. Ils ont aidé les victimes du tsunami par la psychologie sociale, des conseils, la lecture, des jeux, de la discussion et de distributions de la charité.

Mots-Clés: comportement pro-social; bénévoles; Aceh; victime du Tsunami

1. INTRODUCTION

On 26 December 2004, a 9.1 -magnitude underwater earthquake caused a tremendous tsunami that devastated Aceh Province, Indonesia, killed more than 130,000 people , loss of kin, property damage and made 400,000 homeless in Aceh (Gaillard, et al. …

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Prosocial Behavior Motivation of Acheness Volunteers in Helping Tsunami Disaster Victims/MOTIVATION DU COMPORTEMENT PRO-SOCIAL DES BÉNÉVOLES DE L'ACHENESS POUR AIDER LES VICTIMES DE LA CATASTROPHE DU TSUNAMI
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