Adaptation of the ESPA29 Parental Socialization Styles Scale to the Basque Language: Evidence of Validity

By López-Jáuregui, Alicia; Oliden, Paula Elosua | The Spanish Journal of Psychology, July 1, 2009 | Go to article overview

Adaptation of the ESPA29 Parental Socialization Styles Scale to the Basque Language: Evidence of Validity


López-Jáuregui, Alicia, Oliden, Paula Elosua, The Spanish Journal of Psychology


The aim of this study is to adapt the ESPA29 scale of parental socialization styles in adolescence to the Basque language. The study of its psychometric properties is based on the search for evidence of internal and external validity. The first focuses on the assessment of the dimensionality of the scale by means of exploratory factor analysis. The relationship between the dimensions of parental socialization styles and gender and age guarantee the external validity of the scale. The study of the equivalence of the adapted and original versions is based on the comparisons of the reliability coefficients and on factor congruence. The results allow us to conclude the equivalence of the two scales.

Keywords: parental socialization styles, adolescence, test adaptation.

El objetivo de este trabajo es adaptar al euskera la escala de estilos de socialización parental ESPA29. El estudio de sus propiedades psicométricas descansa en la búsqueda de evidencias internas y externas de validez. Las primeras se centran en la evaluación de la dimensionalidad de la escala a través de un análisis factorial exploratorio. La relación entre las distintas dimensiones de la socialización y las variables sexo y edad garantizan la validez externa de la escala. El estudio de equivalencia entre las versiones original y adaptada se apoya en la comparación entre los coeficientes de fiabilidad y de la congruencia factorial. Los resultados permiten concluir la equivalencia entre las dos escalas.

Palabras clave: estilos de socialización parental, adolescencia, adaptación de tests.

The role of the family as the transmitter of values, attitudes, and behaviors is unquestionable. Hence, the interest of sociologists, psychologists, and pedagogues has focused on analyzing the relationships within the family. Processes of parental socialization and their consequences on children have been the object of research in the cross-cultural (Arnett, 1995; Scarr, 1993), psychological and educational dimensions (Musitu & Allat, 1994).

Adolescence is a critical stage in the lives of individuals, in which they consolidate their values and identity and they conquer autonomy (Allen, Hauser, Bell, & O?Connor, 1993; Collins, 1990), achievements that frequently lead to psychological and relational tensions and the risk of problematic or maladaptive behaviors (Moore & Rosenthal, 1993).

Many studies coincide in stating that the quality of relationships in adolescence determines children's adjustment and psychological well-being. Parents' warmth, proximity, and involvement, combined with vigilance and control, contribute to good psychosocial, academic, and behavioral adjustment (Martínez & García, 2007; Oliva, Parra, & Sánchez-Quejía, 2002; Steinberg, Darling, & Fletcher, 1995; Steinberg, Dornbusch, & Brown, 1992), higher social competence and autonomy (Lamborn, Mounts, Steinberg, & Dornbusch, 1991), positive attitudes towards school and work, academic achievement, and self-esteem (Linver & Silverberg, 1997; Maccoby & Martin, 1983; Steinberg, Lamborn, Darling, Mounts, & Dornbusch, 1994; Steinberg, Lamborn, Dornbusch, & Darling, 1992), as well as a lower incidence of depression, school problems, delinquency, and drug abuse (Baumrind, 1971; Darling & Steinberg, 1993; Jacobson & Crockett, 2000; Parish & McCluskey, 1992). In contrast, hostility and the use of punishments and coercion combined with scarce vigilance and control contribute to the emergence of problematic and antisocial behaviors in adolescence (Conger, Patterson, & Ge, 1995; Dishion, Patterson, Stoolmiller, & Skinner, 1991).

However, the impact of parental practices on the children is not independent of the social and ethnic-cultural context in which the family system is inset (Lin & Fu, 1990; Martínez & García, 2007; Zern, 1984). For example, whereas in Asian cultures, high levels of discipline and imposition have a positive influence on the children (Chao, 2001), in western cultures, optimum adjustment is obtained with high levels of affection, acceptance, and involvement. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Adaptation of the ESPA29 Parental Socialization Styles Scale to the Basque Language: Evidence of Validity
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.