In Touch Program Empowers Senior Centers to Support Positive Mental Health
Gitlin, Laura N., Harris, Lynn Fields, Aging Today
The American Society on Aging honored the In Touch: Mind, Body & Spirit Program with a 2009 NOMA Award for Excellence in Multicultural Aging. The award was presented in March 2009 at the annual ASA-NCOA Aging in America Conference in Las Vegas, Nev. For information on the NOMA award and all ASA award programs, visit www.asaging.org/asav2/awards.
Late-life depression is a significant public health concern and the most prevalent mental health condition among older adults. Older African Americans are particularly at risk due to high rates of chronic illness, functional disability and exposure to jeopardizing social scenarios such as low income and poor neighborhood quality.
Although older African Americans have similar depression rates as do whites overall, prevalence is higher for homebound and urban dwellers. Additionally,, in primary care (the principal setting for depression treatment), providers are less likely to spend time on mental health concerns, identify symptoms or offer treatment options for African Americans as opposed to whites. Thus, this group remains underdiagnosed and underserved.
The crisis in mental health service delivery for African American elders raises critical questions: What are public health options to prevent late-life depression? What are new models for supporting positive mental health?
A NEW ROLE FOR SENIOR CENTERS
Senior centers can be part of the new mental health care models that serve minority elders. Senior centers are community-based; routinely assess older adults for service needs and health status; and can involve large numbers in supportive mental health programming. They provide a safety net that offers meals, health checks, care management and referral services.
Individuals who are reluctant to consult primary care physicians or mental health specialists may be more comfortable disclosing depression symptoms to skilled senior center staff. Building senior center capacity is an important strategy for optimizing mental health programming for underserved elders and reducing disparities.
We developed the In Touch: Mind, Body & Spirit Program to support positive mental health in older African Americans. Funded by a five-year grant from the National Institute, of Mental Health, the program, now in its fifth year, is a partnership between an academic research center, Jefferson Center for Applied Research on Aging and Health (CARAH) of Philadelphia's Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), and a senior center, Center in the Park (CIP) in Philadelphia, Pa.
The CARAH has funded research programs on depression, quality of life, dementia care and family caregiving, while CIP, a nationally accredited nonprofit community-based senior center, offers programs, services and activities to approximately 6,000 members ranging in age from 55 to 98 years, with onethird age 75 or older. Most members live in urban neighborhoods and are African American (90%), female (83%) and of low socio-economic status.
This collaboration builds capacity in CIP, enhancing its infrastructure in order to provide evidence-based programs that support positive mental health among its African American members. Specific objectives include enabling CIP to survey its membership to identify risk areas for late-life depression and target programs; evaluating program impact; conducting research to better understand mental health needs and preferred delivery options; and assisting with cultural competency training for students training in the health professions.
AN INTEGRATED PERSPECTIVE
With an integrative perspective that reflects the cultural paradigm of the target group, In Touch supports mental health with programs that address the whole person: Programs build on skills and positive coping strategies, and consider interrelated factors that shape mental health (history, social constraints, health concerns and psychosocial status). …