Uncle Sam and Us: Globalisation, Neoconservatism, and the Canadian State
Hawkins, Richard A., British Journal of Canadian Studies
Stephen Clarkson, Uncle Sam and Us: Globalisation, Neoconservatism, and the Canadian State (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002), viii + 535pp. Cloth. £48. ISBN 0-8020-3758-5. Paper. £22.50. ISBN 0-8020-8539-3.
In 1993 Martin Lawrence published Pledge of Allegiance: The Americanization of Canada in the Mulroney Years, an exposé of the loss of Canadian sovereignty which resulted from Brian Mulroney's Progressive Conservative government's free trade policy. Clarkson, an academic political economist, argues that Mulroney's neo-conservative and free trade policies were not only continued by Jean Chrétien's Liberal government, but have been intensified. Mulroney may have signed the Canada-us Free Trade Agreement and negotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement (nafta), but Chrétien ratified nafta and conceded further economic sovereignty when his government joined the World Trade Organization in 1994.
Clarkson, who is opposed to the neo-conservative trend in Canadian governance, provides an in-depth analysis of how the Keynesian policies of the Diefenbaker-Pearson-Trudeau era were displaced by the neo-conservative policies of the Mulroney-Chrétien era. He shows how trade liberalisation means that democratically elected Canadian governments are increasingly unable to protect their citizens from powerful transnational corporations, for the most part based in the United States. …