China Issues Missile Export Controls
Gordon, Rose, Arms Control Today
THE LONG-AWAITED missile export controls that Beijing committed to publishing almost two years ago were released by China's official Xinhua News Agency on August 25.
Following months of nonproliferation talks with the United States, China had agreed on November 21, 2000, not to help states develop "ballistic missiles that can be used to deliver nuclear weapons." It defined such missiles as those capable of carrying a 500-kilogram payload at least 300 kilometers, guidelines that mirror those in the Missile Technology Control Regime, of which China is not a member. To make its pledge more concrete, China said it would issue "at an early date" a "comprehensive" list of missile-related and dual-use items whose export would require a government license.
As of August, however, China had still not issued the export control list despite repeated requests from Washington to do so. In fact, the United States maintained that China was continuing to export missile components and technology in direct violation of the November 2000 agreement. In a July 2002 report to Congress, the U.S.-China Security Review Commission cited China as "a leading international source of missile-related technologies" and warned of its proliferation activities with "terrorist-sponsoring and other states.. particularly in the Middle East and Asia."
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Kong Quan, who in July dismissed U.S. reports on the threat of Chinese missile and weapons of mass destruction proliferation as groundless, said August 25 that China has always been committed to responsible export control and "will continue to take an active part in the international cooperation in nonproliferation. …