Action Research.Organizational Intelligence.Curriculum Development
Ercetin, S. Sule, Educational Research Quarterly
Organizational Intelligence is the combination of the whole skills required and used by organizations to exist. These skills are; being adaptable to changes, being rapid in action and reaction, being flexible comfortable ,being sensitive are institute being open-minded, being able to use imagination, being able to renew The use of the mentioned skills requires appropriately structured and functioning organization, effective management and usage ofhuman resources, affective factors, technology, knowledge, and organizational learning ability. However, the rapid advancements towards the end of the 21st century in communication-- cognitive technology, results abstained via studies carried out in fields such as science teaching and learning has caused intensive discussions. The advancements and developments is the cycling of paradigms, which in turn effects education. Moreover, the educational systems and their organizational structure and functions have not been able to keep up with such advancements. Thus, it could be said that educational system (schools) just like other organizations need to improve and better use their organizational intelligence in order to exist. Based on this assumption, an in-service training curriculum to train school staff in this field was developed The curriculum was pilot tested at a randomly selected school in Ankara using Action Research Technique. The aim of this study is to describe and discuss the issues that came up during the development and implementation stages of the curriculum.
Intelligence! Whose intelligence? How much? How? Why?
Intelligence is a mysterious concept that many scholars from different fields try to define it. Some of its definitions are as follows:
For some educators, intelligence is the ability to learn. For some biologists, it is the ability to adapt to the environment. Some psychologists regard intelligence as the ability to achieve the desired end through reasoning. Some parents think that intelligence is something that only their children have. Some administrators view intelligence as a quality that allowed them to be an administrator and that others do not have.
What about organizations... Can they have intelligence?
Yes! Organizations must use their intelligence and develop it. Why? Because in the new century the second revival process is experienced, the world is being reorganized and such developments are called "sembionomic evolution" (Rosnay, 1998).
The second revival process: The gens are being used to create new life styles eliminating the biological boundaries among the humans, plants, and animals and to create new creatures. Using mass production these new creatures are multiplied. In other words, the world is reorganized by human beings.
The world is being reorganized: Advances in the information and communication technology has allowed to the integration of audio-visual -tele communication tools. Furthermore, the nets established through internet go beyond the boundaries of the nation-states and make several cultures close. This fact is called globalization. All these events occur both separately and simultaneously. A development occurred in any field influences the other developments. And such a change process makes the systems complex. Therefore, a "generalized" evolution is experienced from the molecule particles to the human beings, from the societies formed by humans to the structures and the organizations. Natural and artificial, art and technical, culture and civilization are evolved together and they are all reshaped within a new whole.
In this process, in order for organizations to survive seems to depend on the approach in which organizations are regarded as living, learning, adaptive, developing, complex systems. Therefore, organizations as living organisms and as self-adaptive, complex systems must use and develop their intelligence (Ercetin, 2001a). Then what is organizational intelligence? …