Harmonious Society and the Changes in Concepts of Local Legislation/L'ÉVOLUTION DU CONCEPT DE LÉGISLATION LOCALE DANS UNE SOCIÉTÉ HARMONIEUSE
Zhao, Jing-bo, Canadian Social Science
Abstract: Local legislation is an important part of a national legislative system. Facing the conflicts and contradictions among multiple interest groups in modern society, the role that local legislation should play in the construction of a harmonious society is especially crucial. The development of practice needs changes in concept; concept is the instruction of legislation and scientific concepts are the basis and premise for the harmony of local legislation. In formulating the harmonious socialist society, the development of local legislation requires new concepts; therefore, the concepts of local legislation, with the considerable enlargement of local legislative right, are changing from subordination to autonomy, from economic legislation to diversifying legislation.
Key words: harmonious society; concepts of legislation; legislative power; autonomy
Résumé: La législation locale est un composant essentiel du système de législation nationale. Face aux conflits de multiples groupes d'intérêt de la société moderne, il est important de mettre en valeur la législation locale dans la construction d'une société harmonieuse. Le développement de la pratique demande une évolution de concept. Le concept est le guide de législation et un concept scientifique est la base et la condition de l'harmonie de la législation localee.Dans la construction d'une société socialiste harmonieuse, le développement de législation locale exige une mise à jour de concept et le concept de législation locale devrait être élargit avec le pouvoir législatif local. La législation locale devrait passer de subordination à l'autonomie, du modèle de législation économique au modèle de la législation diversifiée.
Mots-clés: société harmonieuse; concept de législation; droit de législation; autonomie
"The problem in formulating harmonious society, as for the nature, is not to formulate a society without any interest conflicts or contradictions, but on the basis of interest conflicts and contradictions, to formulate a society which can coordinate, integrate or control interest conflicts and contradictions." (LI, 2005) Facing the conflicts and contradictions among multiple interest groups in modern society, the role of local legislation is especially crucial. The status of local legislation in formulating harmonious society will be analyzed in the following parts. The paper will demonstrate the changes in concepts of local legislation in three aspects: the considerable enlargement of local legislative right, local legislative concepts changing from subordination to autonomy, and from a focus on economics to a variety of legislation.
1. THE CONCEPT OF SEPARATION OF POWERS: CONSIDERABLE ENLARGEMENT OF THE LOCAL LEGISLATIVE POWER IN THE PREMISE OF A UNIFIED LEGAL SYSTEM
Since Reform and Opening up, in the promotion of economic reform, the relationship between central and local has changed, which gradually destroys the relationship pattern in centralized system. Since 1978, the thinking of reform in the relationship between central and local has been mainly decentralization to the right, which changed the previous first tier legislative system exclusive to the central government, and clearly prescribed the second tier legislative system including both the central and local. In the July of 1979, Local Organizations Act was passed, which gave the provincial People's Congress and its Standing Committee the power of local laws and regulations; in the December of 1982, Local Organizations Act was relatively amended, which prescribed that the People's Congress and its Standing Committee of capital cities and major cities approved by the State Council may, in light of specific circumstances and the actual needs of the cities, formulate the draft of local laws and regulations; in the December of 1986, Local Organizations Act was amended again, which prescribed that, under the condition of not contradicting with the Constitution, laws, administrative regulations and local laws and regulations, the People's Congress and its Standing Committee of capital cities and major cities approved by the State Council can formulate local laws and regulations. …