Working Conditions, Burnout and Stress Symptoms in University Professors: Validating a Structural Model of the Mediating Effect of Perceived Personal Competence

By Navarro, María Luisa Avargues; Mas, Mercedes Borda et al. | The Spanish Journal of Psychology, January 1, 2010 | Go to article overview

Working Conditions, Burnout and Stress Symptoms in University Professors: Validating a Structural Model of the Mediating Effect of Perceived Personal Competence


Navarro, María Luisa Avargues, Mas, Mercedes Borda, Jiménez, Ana María López, The Spanish Journal of Psychology


The purpose of this study has been to test, with a sample of 193 Professors of the University of Seville, a structural model on the mediating role of personal perceived competence in the appearance of burnout syndrome and stress symptoms under potentially stressful work conditions. The instruments used to evaluate were a socio-demographic and work-related data questionnaire, The Maslach Burnout Inventory (M.B.I.), The Labour Scale of Stress and the Magallanes Stress Scale. The model of strategy implementation and LISREL 8.71 were used. The estimated model was adjusted satisfactorily, ascertaining the mediating effect of perceived competence in the effect exerted by the work conditions studied on the depersonalization and personal fulfillment, as well as in the appearance of stress symptoms. The effect on the emotional exhaustion dimension was not confirmed. The latter also acted on the estimated model as a mediating variable, facilitating the negative impact of stressors on emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment.

Keywords: occupational stress, burnout, perceived personal competence, university professors.

El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido poner a prueba, en una muestra de 193 profesores de la Universidad de Sevilla, un modelo estructural sobre el papel mediador de la competencia personal percibida en la aparición del síndrome de burnout y la sintomatología de estrés ante condiciones de trabajo potencialmente estresantes. Los instrumentos de evaluación fueron: un cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y laborales elaborado al efecto, la Escala Laboral de Estrés (ELE), el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) y la Escala Magallanes de Estrés (EMEST). Se utilizó la estrategia de "desarrollo del modelo" y el programa LISREL 8.71. El modelo estimado se ajustó satisfactoriamente, constatándose el papel mediador de la competencia percibida en el efecto ejercido por las condiciones de trabajo estresantes sobre la despersonalización y realización personal, así como sobre la sintomatología de estrés. No se confirmó su efecto mediador sobre la dimensión cansancio emocional. Esta última actuó también en el modelo estimado como variable mediadora, facilitando el impacto negativo de los factores estresantes sobre despersonalización, realización personal y sintomatología de estrés.

Palabras clave: estrés laboral, burnout, competencia personal percibida, profesores de universidad.

Nowadays it can be said that empirical evidence leads us to believe that work-related stress and burnout syndrome are frequent health problems for university faculty, and that the consequences of this have been dire (Dua, 1994; León & Avargues, 2007; Winefield & Jarrett, 2001; Winefield, Gillespie, Stough, Dua & Hapuararchi, 2003). In Spain, however, changes to the system of higher education have piqued researchers' interest in this subject: the creation of the European Space for Higher Education and changes to the normative framework that regulates the professor/researcher profession.

With this in mind, it is no surprise that the majority of studies have been descriptive, and have focused on analyzing the prevalence of these syndromes, their triggers and the influence of moderating variables that are demographic and professional in nature (Caramés, 2001; Durán, Extremera & Rey, 2001; Gillespie, Walsh, Winefield, Dua & Stough, 2001; Guerrero, 2003; Hogan, Carlson & Dua, 2002; León & Avargues, 2007; Viloria & Paredes, 2002; Winefield et al., 2003). However, there has been scarcely any study of the influence of personal moderating variables (coping strategies, locus of control, perceived efficacy, optimism, feelings of competence, etc.), which could either facilitate or inhibit the experience of stress and burnout syndrome in this population (Leung, Siu & Spector, 2000; Hetty van Hemmerk, 2002; Otero, Santiago & Castro, 2008; Paulik, 2001; Salanova, Cifre, Grau & Martinez, 2005; Taris, Schreurs & Van Iersel-Van Silfhourt, 2001). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Working Conditions, Burnout and Stress Symptoms in University Professors: Validating a Structural Model of the Mediating Effect of Perceived Personal Competence
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.