The Relevance of Multicultural Education for Adult Learners in Higher Education

By Kumi-Yeboak, Alex; James, Waynne B. | International Forum of Teaching and Studies, January 1, 2011 | Go to article overview

The Relevance of Multicultural Education for Adult Learners in Higher Education


Kumi-Yeboak, Alex, James, Waynne B., International Forum of Teaching and Studies


[Abstract] Multicultural education is the teaching and learning of the histories and cultures of all students in the teaching-learning process in any educational system. According to Banks, (1997), it is an idea, an educational reform movement, and a process. Multicultural education for adult learners in higher education will address the needs of the growing trends of adult minority populations in the United States to promote diverse educational settings in the colleges and universities. The United States is considered to be one of the most diverse countries in the world, often called a "melting pot" society because of its diverse population (Gay, 1994). Today, multicultural education programs have been offered in most colleges and universities to address the growing trend of the diverse population (Banks, 2008). However, not much has been investigated about the significance of multicultural education for adult learners in higher education. The purpose of this article is to explain the importance of incorporating multicultural education programs in adult education curriculum and how practitioners of adult education can use it as a model to promote citizenship education.

[Keywords] multicultural education in higher education; adult education curriculum; citizenship education

Introduction

According to Bennett (1998), multicultural education is an approach to teaching and learning based upon democratic values that foster cultural pluralism; in its most comprehensive form, it is a commitment to achieving educational equality, developing a curriculum that builds on understanding about ethnic groups and combating oppressive practices (Bennett, 1998). The major goal of multicultural education is to change the structure of educational institutions so that male and female students, exceptional students, and students who are members of diverse racial, ethnic, language, and cultural groups will have an equal chance to achieve academic excellence in school (Banks & Banks (2001).

The current trend of global immigration includes the increasing diversity in the U. S with its complex and divisive questions about how the U.S. can deal effectively with the problem of constructing civic communities that reflect on citizens' values, ideals, and goals to which all of the citizens are committed (Banks, 2007). The majority of adult immigrants come from Asia, Latin America, and Europe with a significant number coming from the West Indies and Africa (Banks, 2008). The U.S. is now experiencing its largest influx of immigrants since the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The U.S. Census Bureau projects that ethnic groups of color - or ethnic minorities - will increase from 28% of the nation's population today to 50% in 2050 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000).

In the 21st century, the adult learner should be culturally sensitive and internationally focused with an orientation toward the future rather than the past (Ameny-Dixon, 2008). For instance, by the year 2020, nearly one-third of the nation will be composed of minority citizens. Also, by the year 2050, nearly half of the population of the United States will be comprised of people of color (U.S. Census Bureau, 2002). This increase in diversity reflects the culturally pluralistic society of the U.S. However, most of the people live in relatively isolated enclaves, away from others who are racially, socially, and culturally different (Ameny-Dixon, 2008; Gay, 1994).

Adult learners, as citizens of the U.S., need to develop the skills, knowledge, and attitudes that will enable them to function in a global society. The trend of global immigration among adult populations to the U.S. tends to affect all aspect of societies in the U. S., including beliefs, norms, values, behaviors, and businesses.

Background Literature

The major goal of multicultural education is to reform the school so that students from diverse racial, ethnic, and social-class groups will experience educational equality (Banks, 1994). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Relevance of Multicultural Education for Adult Learners in Higher Education
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.