Career Mothers and Health Implications of Work Place Stress: Role of Libraries in Stress Management

By Ilogho, Julie E | Gender & Behaviour, June 2011 | Go to article overview

Career Mothers and Health Implications of Work Place Stress: Role of Libraries in Stress Management


Ilogho, Julie E, Gender & Behaviour


Abstract

The study examines the health implications of workplace stress on career women with respect to their age and educational qualification. Sixty - nine (69) working women from a Women Fellowship of about 86 located at Agbowo, Ibadan were used for the study. Akinboye's Response to Change Test (RTCT) or Work Stress Inventory was used to collate the data and analyzed. Two hypotheses were tested and rejected. Further analysis shows that an average of 92% of graduate respondents between age (31-50) experienced high stress, implying that there is significant difference in respondents' response to stress experienced on the basis of age and educational qualification. Thus indicating that age and educational qualification can sometimes determine who experience stress or not. The analyses reveal that older career mothers with higher degrees experienced high levels of stress than younger ones. The library is recommended to play a crucial role in managing stress in the workplace, which is mainly to make information materials/resources available to staff and workers.

Introduction

Work stress is recognized worldwide as major challenge to the health of organizations and its workers. Thus stressful situations in the workplace are inevitable. Stress is an essential part of life. It provides excitement; impetus and motivation as well as distress and anxiety (Payne Elaine and Whittaker Lesley, 2000). Some people believe it is a silent killer. Indeed, life itself is considered as stressful. Stress is the result of a person's inability to cope and adjust to traumatic or difficult situations/ challenges of life. Stress is an emotional, mental, physical or social response to any undesirable experience. Thus, stressful experiences can be devastating and may even result in sudden death.

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica (2005) describes stress in psychology and biology as any strain or interferences that disturbs the functioning of an organism. It is the human responses to physical and psychological defences. If stress is too powerful or defences inadequate, a psychosomatic or other mental disorder occurs. Stress occurs when threatening or challenging situations are faced and the individual considers that there is an imbalance between the demands being made and his or her ability to deal with them.

Stress is multidimensional in perspective. In other words stress has biological/ physical and psychological dimensions. Wikipedia (2007) categorize stress using different criteria, but generally stress was grouped as physical or psychological. This was further explained that the physical stress is the one that irritate or brings immediate or long term negative effect on your physical or bodily health. This may not necessarily affect your psychological (or Mental) state. Whereas the psychological stress brings immediate or long term irritation or negative effect on your psychological or mental state, this may not necessarily have any immediate effect on your physical state. But these two groups can be very interactive i.e. your physical state can affect your psychological state and vice versa.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) describes it as a "Worldwide epidemic" this is because 90% of visit to hospitals or physicians are said to be due to stress. About 40% of employee turnover are due to stress related problems. Akinboye (2002) described stress as a force which affects human beings physically, mentally, emotionally, socially and spiritually. It is an ineffective and unhealthy reaction to change. Stress is therefore, the reaction of man to unwanted mental, physical, emotional, social and spiritual experience.

Statement of the Problem

Mothers traditionally have an enormous responsibility of looking after their husbands, children and a very challenging home responsibility. Today, mothers are not only expected to perform their traditional roles in the home, they are also expected to contribute toward financing and supplying the family needs. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Career Mothers and Health Implications of Work Place Stress: Role of Libraries in Stress Management
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.