Investigating the Validity of a Multirater Assessment of Family Functioning in China

By Liu, Xi; Zhang, Jianxin et al. | Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, July 1, 2011 | Go to article overview

Investigating the Validity of a Multirater Assessment of Family Functioning in China


Liu, Xi, Zhang, Jianxin, Yeh, Chen-Yu Linus, Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal


The validity of a multirater assessment of family functioning in 1-child Chinese families was examined using the Relationship-Specific Chinese Family Assessment Instrument (RS-CFAI), developed based on the Chinese Family Assessment Instrument (Shek, 2001, 2002). Data were collected from 506 families in Beijing consisting of 2 parents and 1 child. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) models and the dyadic-level CFA models were tested in the framework of the multitrait multirater strategy to demonstrate the validity of the RS-CFAI. The results indicated that there are 3 factors (activity, affect, and control) in the RS-CFAI within different family subsystems. The social relations model (SRM) was also used to explain the characteristics of the 1 -child family, providing evidence of the convergent and discriminative validity of the RS-CFAI. The goodness-of-fit of the SRM and CFA models indicates that the RS-CFAI is a valid tool for assessing family functioning among 1 -child families in China.

Keywords: family functioning, directed-relationship items, China, one-child family.

China's population continues to grow every year despite the one-child policy that has been enforced since the early 1980s. According to a recent report from the China Population Information and Research Center, in 1995, 20.72% of 320 million Chinese families had only one child. This number had increased to 80 million by 2003 (Zhai, 2003) and reached more than 100 million in 2008. Chinese families have experienced significant structural changes over the past three decades, with the core family structure of husband, wife, and one child constituting a triangular relationship model.

Some Chinese researchers have investigated the psychological well-being, personality, school adjustment, parental relationship, and problem behavior implications of the Chinese one-child family (Zhang, 1997) as well as the obvious differences between a Chinese family and a Western family (Li, 2004). When one is attempting to understand the dynamics within a one-child family, family functioning is a highly comprehensive indicator and "a very complex phenomenon which can be assessed in a variety of ways" (Epstein, Baldwin, & Bishop, 1983, p. 171).

With the rapid development of research on the one-child family in China, a standardized assessment tool became necessary. Shek (2001, 2002) found that the factor structures differed when Western instruments were used in China, and therefore developed the Chinese Family Assessment Instrument (C-FAI) in 2002. This was one of the first indigenous self-report instruments for the Chinese family. Siu and Shek (2006) established the psychometric properties of the C-FAI, including its dimensionality, reliability, and validity, and showed that the C-FAI can be used to assess family functioning in the Chinese population.

In the domain of report-based procedures, the most commonly used instruments relating to family functioning include the Family Fjivironment Scales, the Family Assessment Measure, the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales III, and the C-FAI. All family assessment instruments have two major aims: The first is to provide information about relationships within the family that may help an outsider to understand how the family is functioning, and the second is to provide a view of problematic aspects of family functioning (Cook & Kenny, 2006).

In reality, these models may be unnecessarily complex because the dimensions of family functioning may actually be clearer and more parsimonious. This argument has gained considerable support in a range of studies in the domain of interpersonal processes (Olson, 1993; Wiggins & Broughton, 1985). In subsequent exploratory research cross-instrument analyses indicated that three general factors (affect, activity, and control), rather than the many components assessed by these instruments, best describe relationships (Condoli & Jacob, 1993). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Investigating the Validity of a Multirater Assessment of Family Functioning in China
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.