Prospective Teachers' Ideas about Teacher Recruitment and Their Professional Future

By Sahin, Idris | Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, Summer 2011 | Go to article overview

Prospective Teachers' Ideas about Teacher Recruitment and Their Professional Future


Sahin, Idris, Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri


Abstract

This research aimed to reveal how prospective teachers viewed their professional future and to discern how their lives would be affected in case they were not recruited as teachers. The research was conducted on senior students at Buca Faculty of Education. The sample of the research consisted of 149 senior students, including 82 girls and 67 males. The data were collected through a measurement instrument developed for this research, consisting of six open-ended questions. In data analyses, Miles' and Huberman's approach, namely "data reduction", "data display" and "conclusion verification", was made use of. Some of the results of the research could be outlined as follows: About 40% of the participants attended the programs they had chosen unwillingly, 87% would like to work as teachers, 81% thought that working on contract was not fair, 34% stated that they would not work everywhere in the country, %81 had negative ideas about their professional future, and 91% thought that their lives would be affected very badly in case they were not appointed as teachers.

Key Words

Prospective Teacher, Recruitment, Professional Future.

There are several reasons effecting students to choose teaching and a branch of teaching as a job. Students demand for education affected by the student characteristics, student's personal environment, the education system and the community outside of the education system (Harnnqist, 1978 cited in Ünal, 1996). However, due to the difficulty of being a student at university, some of the students have to choose the departments which they are a little or non-interested instead of choosing the ones they are really interested in. In addition, recently not only being a student at university but also finding a job in their field of graduation has been a crucial problem.

Unemployment, which is perceived as an economic, political, and social problem by many countries (Kulik, 2000), has increased in a significant rate among university graduates (Ünal, 1990). Today, many university graduates work in different fields in order not to be unemployed. A university diploma no longer provides a job opportunity and this situation causes disappointment among educated people and reduces motivation in academic field (Güven, 2002). It was found that 27% of senior students in Middle East Technical University were anxious about unemployment (Gizir, 2005).

Unemployment has increased distinctly in Turkey. However, the quota of education faculties has been expanded more than 50% in the last two years (Esme, 2009). But, being recruited or not determines the future careers of the prospective teachers. For example, the ministry of education who answered a proposal in Turkish Parliament explained that according to the results of 2008-2009 public personnel selection exam (Kamu Personeli Seçme Sinavi [KPSS]) there had been 312.232 teachers waiting for recruitment and 72.688 teaching positions to be fulfilled (Güçlü, 2010). Education Union stated that there were over 320.000 teachers waiting for their recruitment (Egitim ve Bilim Emekçileri Sendikasi [Egitim Sen], 2010).

Unemployment results in many psychological and social problems. Being unemployed in spite of having the motivation and talent to work causes desperation, hopelessness, loneliness, and depression (Üngören & Ehtiyar, 2009). Having a proper and regular job helps the individual to hope for the future, have a family and a position in society (Tümkaya, 2005). Anxiety about being not recruited after graduation causes prospective teachers to experience some psychological problems. For example, a study on prospective teachers of Physical Education Faculty proved that the desperation levels of the participants were low in the first year of their education whereas the level increased in the following years of their education (Gençay, 2009). In another study it was found that the graduates of Physical Education Faculty had high levels of anxiety about finding a job which also increased their desperation level (Kirimoglu, 2010). …

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