Mrs. Garvey

By Taylor, Ula Yvette | The New Crisis, September/October 2002 | Go to article overview

Mrs. Garvey


Taylor, Ula Yvette, The New Crisis


A pioneering feminist and Pan-African freedom fighter

The life and times of Amy Jacques Garvey challenge our understanding of Marcus Garvey and Garveyism and unveil the complicated reality of black radical. Although Jacques Garvey was bornin Jamaica on 31 December 1895, empowered by her father's teachings, she assumed her political identity in earnest in 1919, when she affiliated herself with the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Harlem, New York, as a private secretary to its leader, Marcus Garvey. As Garvey's personal secretary, confidante, and later second wife, she worked closely with him to keep the movement afloat, and as the archivist for the organization, she kept meticulous records of his speeches and the efforts of other activists determined to empower Africas at "home" and throughout the diaspora. Moreover, when Amy and Marcus married in 1922, she fully embraced the endeavor "to be conversant with subjects that would help in his career, and [to] try to make home a haven of rest and comfrt for him." This view of herself as a helpmate to Garvey would be transformed. As Jacques Garvey grew beyond the color and class boundaries that had permeated her world during her formative years, she became an independent Pan-African intellectual of stellar proportion.

-from the introduction by Ula Yvette Taylor

The early years of the Amy Jacques-Marcus Garvey burgeoning courtship and subsequent marriage paralleled the zenith of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Black people had begun to gravitate to the organization in 1916, and by 1923 it claimed a membership of six million, with at least nine hundred branches five hundred throughout the United States alone, and the rest in Canada, Central and South America, the Caribbean, Great Britain, and Africa. Garvey himself, of course, was a prominent reason for the organization's growth. Garvey's presence explains why the Harlem branch - the organization's headquarters - had the largest estimated membership, at thirty-five thousand. No other Pan-African or black nationalist organization could document comparable statistics. Obviously, the black masses worldwide had responded to the UNIA s platform: to generate global economic connections between Africans living in the Caribbean, North America, and Africa via its passenger and shipping fleet (the Black Star Line); to redeem Africa from European colonists; and ultimately to link a diasporic identity with a legal African nationality.

As the organization grew, so did the public role of Amy Jacques Garvey. One month after her marriage in 1922, the annual UNIA August convention (marking the date of slave emancipation in the British colonies) took place in Harlem. Jacques Garvey was still working behind the scenes, never once sharing the limelight with her husband/Yet the issues raised at this meeting provide a sense of the concerns that were escalating when Jacques became Garvey's wife.

The UNIA's constitution was very different from that of most black organizations in that women were well integrated into the movement's structure. These [lady] delegates demanded that women be placed in "important" positions within "the organization to help refine and mold public sentiment." They wanted absolute control over the UNIA auxiliaries, the Black Cross Nurses (women who performed duties similar to Red Cross nurses), and Motor Corps (car fleets), as well as more recognition on committees. Overall, they insisted on empowerment "so that the Negro women all over the world can function without restriction from men."

Garvey's initial response to the women's resolution was that he did not see any reason for change, "as the women already had the power they were asking for under the constitution...." The women delegates, however, were passionate enough about their position to override class, geography, and other distinctions among themselves and unite against Garvey in a way that UNIA men were unable to replicate. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Mrs. Garvey
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.