The Foundation Exchange Programs

Scandinavian Review, Autumn 2011 | Go to article overview

The Foundation Exchange Programs

MANY CONSIDER THE American Scandinavian Foundations programs, facilitating the exchange of scholars, researchers, interns, and trainees between the United States and the five Nordic nations to be the very core of the Foundations mission - and rightly so. During the course of its first 100 years, the ASF has enabled nearly 30,000 Americans and Scandinavians - while thousands more were helped indirectly - to spend time immersed in a new society and culture while studying or working.

Fellowships & Grants

THROUGHOUT ITS HISTORY, THE ASF HAS SERVED ALL levels of scholarly endeavor, supporting Americans for study and research in the Nordic countries, and Scandinavians for study and research in the U.S. It all began in 1912 when the Foundation awarded its first fellowships in a program that over the next century would support the work of some 7,500 scholars, researchers and professionals in a diversity of areas ranging from medicine and the sciences, to economics and politics, to the arts and literature.

The first three recipients were all philologists. Martin Bronn Ruud went to Denmark where his research into Scandinavian languages and literature marked the first conspicuous step of an academic career that included a doctorate from the University of Chicago and numerous writings on such subjects as Danish views on Shakespeare. Herman Olson followed his studies in Swedish literature at Uppsala with books such as The History of Religious Liberty in Europe and America. Henning Larsen spent his fellowship in Oslo studying Old Norse and Germanic philology. He then returned to the U.S. and held a number of prestigious university posts, while compiling books on old Icelandic medical therapies and Teutonic mythology.

Also in that inaugural year, two recipients from Norway and one each from Sweden and Denmark pursued radically different paths during their time in the U.S. One attended Harvard to study the humanities, and ended up as headmaster of a school in Askim, Norway, a second enrolled at Columbia for a course labeled "domestic science" and returned to Oslo to spend her life teaching blind and deaf children; a third went to M.I.T. for advanced courses in naval architecture and took that knowledge back to Göteborg to teach the craft and technique of shipbuilding; and the fourth attended library school in Albany, as an early step toward becoming the director of Copenhagen's Museum of Decorative Art.

During the initial years, support for the Fellowship Program came from Foundation pioneer Niels Poulson's $100,000 original bequest. The number of Fellows gradually increased, with 10 or more in each of the years leading up to the American involvement in World War I. The exchanges ceased for a year on account of the war and then returned with renewed vigor in 1919, after special pledges of funding over a five-year period were received from numerous donors on both sides of the Atlantic. As a result, 35 Fellows were appointed for the 1919-20 academic year. Noteworthy about this group was that it included 10 Americans who had applied to study some branch of science in Sweden, a country by then associated globally with the Nobel Prizes, particularly in chemistry and physics. This was the first year that the ASF sent its first Fellow to Iceland, Kemp Malone, who became an eminent philologist

THE DECADE OF THE 1920s produced several grant recipients who would become internationally known in later years. In 1920, for instance, one of the six Fellows to Denmark was Robert Hillyer, the New Jersey-born poet who won the Pulitzer Prize for his verse in 1934. The 1923 recipients for Denmark included chemist Harold Urey, whose work on isotopes earned him a Nobel Prize the same year Hillyer received his Pulitzer. Denmark was a magnet in 1924 for historian Henry Steele Commager, most of whose 40 books and 700 essays dealt with aspects of the evolution of liberalism in the United States. Also in 1924, a grant was awarded to oceanographer Edward Smith for a stay in Norway; he gained fanne during World War ? …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

The Foundation Exchange Programs


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    New feature

    It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia, and in an effort to make Questia easier to use for those people, we have added a new choice of font to the Reader. That font is called OpenDyslexic, and has been designed to help with some of the symptoms of dyslexia. For more information on this font, please visit

    To use OpenDyslexic, choose it from the Typeface list in Font settings.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.