Pre-2oth Century-Pilgrims and Sultans: The Haji under the Ottomans, 1517-1683

By Fischbach, Michael R. | The Middle East Journal, Winter 1998 | Go to article overview

Pre-2oth Century-Pilgrims and Sultans: The Haji under the Ottomans, 1517-1683


Fischbach, Michael R., The Middle East Journal


Pilgrims and Sultans: The Ha,jj under the Ottomans, 1517-1683, by Suraiya Faroqhi. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 1996. xii + 190 pages. Notes to p. 213. Bibl. to p. 235. Index to p. 244. $24.50 paper.

Pilgrims and Sultans is a comprehensive account of the political and socio-economic aspects of the haj (pilgrimage) during the first and a half century of Ottoman rule in the Hijaz, written by a foremost authority on Ottoman history. Reflecting exhaustive research into Ottoman documents, contemporary travel accounts and biographies, and a host of other primary and secondary accounts in a number of languages, Suraiya Faroqhi's work paints a detailed picture of the haj and carefully notes the important position the pilgrimage held in the Ottoman empire during the decades between the onset of Ottoman rule in the Arabian Peninsula in 1517 and the beginning of the Ottoman-Habsburg war in 1683, which curbed the Porte's control of the haj.

A central premise underlying this work is that the study of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina is important for our understanding of wider early-modern aspects of Ottoman history. Faroqhi thus examines the haj not as a religious event, as has been done in other studies, but as a socio-economic and political event comprised of a series of "interlocking mechanisms" (p. 8) that together served as a "powerful integrating force" (p. 9) within the empire. The pilgrimage thus served to link such diverse actors as government notables, tribal leaders and Hijazi notables, as well as Istanbul, Cairo, Damascus, Mecca and Medina, and towns throughout the empire that were home to waqfs (religious endowments) supporting charities in the holy cities. In focusing on an area at the periphery of the Ottoman empire, i.e., the Hijaz, Faroqhi also breaks away from familiar studies that approach the early-modern period of Ottoman history from the perspective of the imperial center at Istanbul or that examine it in terms of Europe or the successor states to the empire.

After discussing the haj prior to the Ottoman period, Faroqhi divides her work into chapters focusing on six broad issues: routes taken by the haj caravans; caravan security; the finances of Mecca and Medina; construction of public buildings in the holy cities; foreign policy aspects of the pilgrimage; and the economic and political nature of the haj. The chapters present a myriad of details relating to the pilgrimage, including the financing and procurement of camels for the caravans, donations and subsidies to the bedouin tribes through whose territory the caravans traveled, the fluid relations between the central government and the sharifs (notables claiming descent from the Prophet Muhammad and who dominated life in Mecca), building projects and restoration of shrines in the holy cities, and the government's attitudes toward foreign pilgrims. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Pre-2oth Century-Pilgrims and Sultans: The Haji under the Ottomans, 1517-1683
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.