Impact of Bereavement-Oriented Group Psychotherapy for School Mates of Air Crash Victims

By Zachariah, M P; Coker, A O et al. | Ife Psychologia, March 2012 | Go to article overview

Impact of Bereavement-Oriented Group Psychotherapy for School Mates of Air Crash Victims


Zachariah, M P, Coker, A O, Jinadu, F A, Nwaogu, M, Ogun, O C, Haruna, A Y A, Ife Psychologia


Abstract

Psychological debriefing is widely applied for victims who encounter overwhelming trauma. This study aimed at assessing the anxiety levels and psychiatric morbidity of class mates of the victims of a plane crash and also to carry out bereavement-oriented group psychotherapy to alleviate observed psychopathology in the study group.

Participants were assessed with Hamilton anxiety rating scale and the 12th version of the general health questionnaire before and after the application of one single bereavement-oriented group psychotherapy.

The pre-application of the Hamilton anxiety rating scale and general health questionnaire had significantly elevated scores as compared to the post psychotherapy scores.

Bereavement-oriented group psychotherapy was found to be effective in lowering psychopathology associated with bereavement and may further prevent post traumatic stress disorder.

Key words: Anxiety, bereavement-oriented, group therapy, air crash victims, Nigeria

Introduction

On December 11th 2005, a commercial plane that was carrying 150 passengers from Abuja to Port Harcourt burst into flames on landing at the Port Harcourt airport; most of almost all the passengers died apart from two people. Among the victims were 52 students from a secondary school in Abuja who were on vacation for the Christmas holiday. The incident was quite traumatic for the whole nation in particular, the school mates of the victims who were with them together at the airport one hour just before the accident. As part of the concern for the emotional well-being of the families and classmates of the victims, various governmental and nongovernmental bereavement counseling, debriefing and trauma management programmes took place in both Lagos and Port Harcourt where most of the families and friends of the victims reside. This study aimed at carrying out debriefing for the class mates of the victims. Debriefing however has been documented in the literature as a means of helping with initial distress and also for preventing post traumatic stress disorders in those who suffered from overwhelming trauma (Jenkins et al, 1997). For those who encounter overwhelming psychological trauma such as road traffic accidents, rape or plane crash, they were observed to also suffer from mild to moderate psychiatric morbidity (Hobbs et al, 1996; Bisson et al, 1994)). Post traumatic stress disorder was observed in individuals who encounter serious psychological trauma (Mayou et al, 2000). The scope of the plane crash tragedy was of such immense proportions that most parents of the class mates of the victims did not know how it might affect their children both on short and long term in terms of the development of psychopathology particularly as it affected a large number of students of impressionable ages. However, the concerned parents through the parent and teachers association (PTA) of the secondary school organized a psychotherapy session for the colleagues of the victims died in the crash before the resumption of academic school. This is a report of one of such psychotherapy programmes directed at the school mates of the victims who reside in Lagos. The therapy explores various aspects of the impact the trauma. It also attempted a descriptive and quantitative explanation of the impact and the psychopathological reactions of the participants of the group therapy. This short report therefore aimed at describing the outcome of the bereavementoriented psychotherapy sessions carried out for class mates of victims of the ill-fated plane crash.

Method

Participants' profile

Ninety participants who were secondary school students from a secondary school in Abuja, Nigeria took part in the study. Attendance at the group therapy ranged from junior secondary school one to senior secondary school three; thus all the six grades were represented in the group. They were classmates of victims of a plane crash. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • A full archive of books and articles related to this one
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Impact of Bereavement-Oriented Group Psychotherapy for School Mates of Air Crash Victims
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.