Mathematics Education Research in Turkey: A Content Analysis Study*

By Çiltas, Alper; Güler, Gürsel et al. | Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, Winter 2012 | Go to article overview

Mathematics Education Research in Turkey: A Content Analysis Study*


Çiltas, Alper, Güler, Gürsel, Sözbilir, Mustafa, Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri


Abstract

In this study, a content analysis of research is aimed in the field of mathematics education of Turkish researchers. To this aim, the investigation of 359 article were made which were accessed from web in full text between 1987 and 2009 years and which were published in the field of mathematics education from 32 different journals. 27 of these journals were national and 5 of them were indexed in Web of Science (SSCI). For this particular aim, a paper classification form, developed by Sozbilir, Kutu and Yasar was revised and used for research in mathematics education. Each publication has been subjected to content analysis through this form and the data were recorded in a database. The data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 software. The results chart, frequency, and percentage table is presented as a descriptive manner. As a result, a large increase in mathematics education since 2002 is concerning studies, quantitative research is more preferred, as the subject of research is in the forefront of learning activities, studies, using more than one data collection tool and as a method of data analysis are in the forefront of the use and frequency were determined .

Key Words

Mathematics Education, Research Titles, Scientific Research, Papers, Content Analysis.

In the last century, great developments in science and technology have resulted in nations' increasing tendency to science and mathematics, therefore more attention focused on studies in curriculum development in science rather than mathematics. The most important reforms in mathematics education occured during the transition period to modern mathematics from 1960's to 1980's (Sztajn, 1995). As a result after this transition, CCCP, with the previous name of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I, into Earth's orbit in 1957. Then, all of the world nations started to give more attention to science and mathematics (Sözbilir & Canpolat, 2006; Sztajn, 1995). Parallel to these developments taken place around the world, Turkey gave also more importance to science and mathematics education by opening the first science high school in 1964 in Ankara (Selvi, 1996). 1980's is the period of the realization of the need for a reform in mathematics education (Savas, 1999). In Turkey, the real shift towards educational research, particularly in science and mathematics education, was observed after a reform movement which was under the National Education Development Project initiated by Higher Education Council [YÖK] and financed by World Bank during 1990's. This project resulted with re-structuring schools of educations at tertiary level in 1997 to be more educational research oriented schools which resulted in increase of educational research papers in science and mathematics education both at national and international level. In Turkey, this process gained more acceleration during the last 10 years starting from 2000's (Tatar & Tatar, 2008). This study is focused on illuminating how this research in mathematics education is improving in Turkey. The investigation of the research approaches in mathematics education performed in the recent years will set a light to researchers, educators, teachers, and students in order to perform scientific discussion and questionings. This is because the investigation of educational studies and their proper organization will help the other researchers who want to conduct related studies (Cohen, Manion, & Morrison, 2007).

Few studies so far have focused on how mathematics education research is developing in Turkey. Among them Kayhan and Koca (2004) conducted a small scale study in order to investigate the frequently studied subjects in the mathematics education research papers and thesis between 2000 and 2002. The results of this study showed that most of the studies in mathematics education were dominated by study on learning 'cognitive dimensions' of mathematics, 'curriculum studies" and 'teaching methods'. …

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