One Laptop per College Student? Exploring the Links between Access to IT Hardware and Academic Performance in Higher Education E-Learning Programs

By Romero, Aaron Alzola | International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education, January 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

One Laptop per College Student? Exploring the Links between Access to IT Hardware and Academic Performance in Higher Education E-Learning Programs


Romero, Aaron Alzola, International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education


Abstract

In an attempt to foster student integration in virtual education programs, several higher education institutions have launched systematic large-scale hand-outs of personal computers, inspired by the "One Laptop per Child" distribution model. However, the level of impact of these initiatives on academic performance is not yet well understood. This article aims to explore student responses to changing levels of access to IT hardware, applying multiple correspondence analysis. Some of the broader socioeconomic factors affecting education are also examined.

Résumé

Dans le but de favoriser l'intégration des étudiants aux programmes d'enseignement virtuel, quelques établissements d'enseignement supérieur ont distribuées des grandes quantités d'ordinateurs personnels à ses étudiants, suivant le modèle de distribution du projet "One Laptop per Child". Cependant, les effets de ces initiatives sur le rendement scolaire ne sont pas encore bien compris. Cet article vise à evaluer le rendement des étudiants vis-à-vis ses differents niveaux d'accès aux ordinateurs, en appliquant l'analyse des correspondances multiples. Des facteurs socio-économiques qui influent sur l'éducation seront aussi explorés.

(ProQuest: ... denotes text missing in the original.)

1. What is the Digital Divide?

In November 2007, the One Laptop per Child Association (OLPC), a non-profit organization create the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, began the production of the CM1 computer the first working prototype of an affordable, crank-powered, Linux-based laptop especially design for the use of children six to twelve years old in developing countries. The OLPC project was foun on the belief that unequal access to digital resources will become one of the principal causes of so exclusion in the Twenty-First Century (cf. Madon 2000). As computer and Internet use grew exponentially among North American and Western European families throughout the 1990s, vast regions of the world were left behind. According to Chinn and Fairlie (2004), in 2001 there were the computers per hundred people in North America, but only 0.5 per 100 in South Asia. In response this imbalance, the OLPC project took on as its mission "to create educational opportunities for the world's poorest children by providing each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected la with content and software designed for collaborative, joyful, self-empowered learning".

OLPC's underlying premise is that the large-scale distribution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) among the less privileged will enable us to tackle problems of accessibility to computers and simultaneously improve IT literacy rates. OLPC thus links access with use and practice, relying on models of self directed learning and top-to-bottom approaches to education. Nicholas Negroponte, founder of the OLPC project, has summed up this association between acce and use with the phrase "you can give kids XO laptops and just walk away" (Vota 2010). The availability of ICT resources and the development of ICT skills, in turn, are expected to have a positive impact on interrelated socio-economic factors, reducing multiple forms of deprivation suc poverty, social exclusion and illiteracy, not just among the children but also within their broader community. The OLPC initiative has been welcomed by several non-governmental organizations a educational institutions (such as UNICEF, the NEPAD, and the University of South Pacific) as a ste forward in the fight against global inequality and an efficient means of increasing public awarenes the problems associated with the digital divide.

Bharat Mehra defines "digital divide" simply as "the troubling gap between those who use compu and the Internet and those who do not" (2004: 782). The term originated in the United States between 1995 and 1997 (Irving et al. 2000), when it was allegedly adopted by the Clinton administration and a group of journalists to describe the growing social inequalities in the level of access to technology. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

One Laptop per College Student? Exploring the Links between Access to IT Hardware and Academic Performance in Higher Education E-Learning Programs
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.