Effect of Boxing Exercises on Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Egyptian Elite Boxers

By El-Ashker, Said; Nasr, Mostafa | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, March 2012 | Go to article overview

Effect of Boxing Exercises on Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Egyptian Elite Boxers


El-Ashker, Said, Nasr, Mostafa, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

Boxing is a combat sport where two participants of the same weight battle each other with their fists in a series of three-minute rounds (AIBA, 2010). Modification in boxing technical & competition rules especially in the duration and number of rounds might have incorporated ascending physiological changes in boxers. Despite the shortness of boxing match length (3 rounds x 3 min), it is distinguished that boxers should be equipped for huge efforts on the ring (El-Ashker, 2011). Most specialists in the combat sports fields emphasized on the importance of studying physiological changes associated with combating effort (Beneke et al., 2004; Toskovic et al., 2002; Kravitz et al., 2003; Ghosh, 2010; Chatterjee et al., 2006). The level of performance advances whenever such positive physiological changes occurred to achieve training adaptations lead to execute boxing bouts efficiency, without decreasing energy production (El-Ashker, 2004).

Energy from aerobic and anaerobic metabolism relies on the intensity and length of the activity (Kraemer et al., 2011). Boxing is characterized by High intensity movements during rounds with short breaks are not enough for full recovery. Consequently, this results in the production of lactic acid, and elevated blood lactate (Khanna and Manna, 2006). Boxing rounds put a heavy load on boxers who have ascending heart rate and blood lactate concentration through bouts (Ghosh et al., 1995). Simultaneously, physiologists and athletes should be more conscious of the biochemical changes that might caused by prolonged exercise (Warburton et al., 2002). As a result, the best method to assess training adaptations and to prevent overtraining is examining the selected biochemical markers (Urhausen and Kindermann, 2002; Gleeson, 2002; Umeda et al., 2008). Therefore, the trainer should be familiar with the physiological aspects related to training.

A small number of studies have been informed in the literature concerning the physiological demands of boxing (Khanna and Manna, 2006). The physiological requirements of boxing have been investigated on account of heart rate, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2Max), blood lactate (BL) (Kravitz et al., 2003; Ghosh, 2010; Ghosh et al., 1991). Earlier studies on Egyptian boxers focus on motor ability, aerobic and anaerobic capacities of Egyptian Boxers (El-Ashker, 2004; Hafez, 1997; El-Hawy, 1983). Rare studies investigated the biochemical responses of Egyptian boxers (Shehata, 2010) have been conducted. To the authors' information, this is the first study to analyse both physiological and biochemical responses in Egyptian boxers. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to investigate physiological and biochemical responses of Egyptian elite boxers subsequent to boxing exercises.

Materials and methods

Participants

The study was approved by the Ethics and Research Committee of the Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, Mansoura University, Egypt, and the guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) for the use of human subjects were accepted in the study. A total of 17 Egyptian elite male boxers (age range 18 ~ 23 yr) volunteered to participate. Subject characteristics (Mean ± SD) are located in Table 1. All of them were registered in the Egyptian boxing federation, with a minimum of 4 years of national boxing participation. The objective of the study was explained to the participants. Selected boxers are volunteered, and could withdraw if they wished.

Before acceptation as a subject, all participants were supplied with a consent form and a physical activity willingness questionnaire. The willingness questionnaire asked about any medical troubles or situations that may exclude participants from the study. Participants were given the type of food they are accustomed to, as well as the training programme has been conducted in the same conditions they are familiar with.

Procedures

To evaluate the physiological and biochemical variables, Participants attended the laboratory in a comfortable situation with at least one full rest day since their last training session. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Effect of Boxing Exercises on Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Egyptian Elite Boxers
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.