Revelation to English Phonetics Teaching Based on PAM/REVELATION DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT DE LA PHONETIQUE ANGLAISE BASE SUR PAM

By Ge, Gao | Canadian Social Science, March 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

Revelation to English Phonetics Teaching Based on PAM/REVELATION DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT DE LA PHONETIQUE ANGLAISE BASE SUR PAM


Ge, Gao, Canadian Social Science


Abstract

Both Perceptual Assimilation Model and Speech Learning Model are concerned with the speech perception in the domain of second language acquisition. The influence of L1 experience on L2 speech perception has been well-researched from the segmental perspective and the conclusion of PAM and SLM have been proved. Based on these two models, this paper provides the assumption that L2 perception might be similar at both the segmental and suprasegmental level. PAM and SLM are available to the research on stress, tone and rhythm. Combined with teaching practice, some revelations to English phonetics teaching have been probed.

Key words: Language experience; Speech perception; Suprasegmental

Résumé

Les deux modèle de l'assimilation perceptive et le modèle d'apprentissage discours sont préoccupés par la perception de la parole dans le domaine de l'acquisition en langue seconde. L'influence de l'expérience sur la perception du langage Ll L2 a été bien étudié du point de vue segmentaire et la conclusion de G??? et le SLM ont été prouvés. Sur la base de ces deux modèles, ce document fournit l'hypothèse que la perception L2 pourrait être semblable à la fois au niveau segmentaire et suprasegmental. PAM et le SLM sont disponibles à la recherche sur le stress, le ton et le rythme. Combiné avec la pratique d'enseignement, des révélations à la phonétique anglaise enseignement ont été sondés.

Mots Clés: Expérience des langues; Perception de la parole; Suprasegmentaux

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INTRODUCTION

In the domain of second language (L2) acquisition, a great deal of research which is based on the Perceptual Assimilation Model indicates that phonetic perception of a second language learner is effected by the first language. First language (Ll) experiences limit the phonetic perception and production as well (Li Rongbao, 2007). Most of the research focuses on segmental structures, namely, phonetic perception of consonants and vowels such as the empirical study on the vowel perception of Chinese students by Sun Yu-hong (2009). Some of the research is concerned with the phonetic perception of mandarin monolinguals and dialect speakers with mandarin as their second language. (Li Rong-bao, 2007). Influence of Ll on L2 speech perception at the suprasegmetal level is also involved, and the comparative study of tone perception between intonation language and tone language is the main focus (Zhang Jia-xiu, 2007).

Based on the most influential models such as Best's Perceptual Assimilation Model and Flege's Speech Learning Model, present study probes that these two models can be extended to the phonetic perception at the suprasegmetal level and analyze the influence of language experiences of the speakers who take Chinese as the first language on English phonetic acquisition. Stress, intonation and rhythm are specifically discussed in the paper.

PERCEPTUALA SSIMILATION MODE (PAM)

Perceptual Assimilation Mode originates from the research of Children's speech perception. Both Phonemic mechanism which focuses on the influence of environment on speech perception and General Auditory mechanism which focuses on the innate mechanism take the monolingual speakers. Werker and Tees (1984) made the research extended. Cross-language study and the influence of language experiences on speech perception became the new topics. Based on the experimental study of the inhaled sound perception in African Zulu which have English speakers (both adults and children) as the subjects participants, Best suggested Perceptual Assimilation Model (Zhang Jia-xiu, 2010).

Perceptual Assimilation Mode is the theory which is concerned with category perception. It claims that language experiences influence the formation and production of speech perception. Normative speech will be reconstructed during the process of L2 acquisition. Listeners who have become familiar with the phonological system of a specific language tend to perceptually assimilate unfamiliar nonnative contrasts to their own phonological categories based on the degree of similarity to their native phonological system. …

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