Flexible Handling the Problems of Labor Disputes in Liaoning Province/ TRAITER DE MANIERE FLEXIBLE LES PROBLEMES DE CONFLITS DE TRAVAIL DANS LA PROVINCE DE LIAONING
Ying, Liu, Cross - Cultural Communication
Labor Disputes in China increasingly presents complex and diversified its settlement mechanism in practice exposed many drawbacks in the stage of the proceedings and it lacks timely and effective solution. However, labor relations are the most basic and wide social relations, if the labor dispute can not be solved promptly or handled improperly, it will affect the entire social and economic development and social harmony, stability. We should perfect interface between the cut-trial relations, strengthen the judicial supervision of arbitration, and establish arbitration legal authority.
Key Words: Labor disputes; Flexibility; Flexible handling
Les conflits de travail dans la présente Chine est de plus en plus complexe et diversifié par son mécanisme de règlement dans la pratique de nombreux inconvénients exposés dans le stade de la procédure et il lui manque une solution rapide et efficace. Cependant, les relations de travail sont les relations les plus fondamentaux et de vaste sociaux, si le conflit de travail ne peut pas être résolu rapidement ou n'est pas manipulé correctement, il aura une incidence sur l'ensemble du développement social et économique et l'harmonie sociale, la stabilité. Nous devrions parfaire l'interface entre les relations de coupe au procès, de renforcer le contrôle judiciaire de l'arbitrage, et rétablir l'autorité de l'arbitrage juridique.
Mots Clés: Conflits de travail; La flexibilité; Souplesse de manipulation
1. THE PRESENT STATUS OF DEALING WITH THE PROBLEM OF FLEXIBLE LABOR DISPUTES IN LIAONING PROVINCE
1.1 Increase in Labor Dispute Cases
1.1.1 The Basic Situations in 2008
In 2008, labor dispute arbitration committee of Liaoning Province dealt with 7551 cases of labor disputes. Among them, there are 188 unfinished cases last year and 7363 this year (see Figure 3-1); Till December 31, 7142 cases have been closed and 409 are not finished (see Figure 3-2), the filing rate of 100% accuracy.
(1) Cases Accepted
In 2008, labor disputes arbitration committee of Liaoning Province received a total of 7363 cases of labor disputes. Among them, 2356 cases are due to the workers to ask for payment for labor disputes, accounting for 32% of the year; 2772 cases are due to the disputes of employers non-payment of social insurance and welfare deductions, accounting for 38% of the year; the cases of leaving workers' demanding economic compensation are 771, accounting for 10% of the year; confirming the labor relations cases are 294, accounting for 4% of the year; signing, fulfilling modification, rescission, termination of labor contracts and dispute cases are 343, accounting for 5%; other reasons to apply for arbitration cases are 827, accounting for 11%.
Among the cases of labor disputes, there are 108 collective disputes, involved 1662 people, and the total number of people involved accounted for 18%.
(2) The Status of the Case
In 2008, the labor disputes arbitration committee of Liaoning Province handled a total of 7142 cases, accounting for 95% of the total cases. Among them, the mediation of cases closed are 1143, 2071 ruling case closed, concluded cases are 461 and other cases 3467, accounting for 16% 29%, 6% and 49% of the total processing cases (see Figure 3-3); according to the results, there are 1500 cases in favor of the employer, 4214 in favor of the workers and 1428 in favor of the two sides part, accounted for 21%, 59% and 20% of the total processing cases (see Figure 3-4).
1.1.2 The Status in 2009
Liaoning Province Labor Dispute Arbitration Committee accepted the cumulative 2973 cases of labor disputes during the first quarter of 2009. among them, last year pending cases are 409, 2564 accepted this quarter; handled cases closed are2140, not closed pending cases are 833, the accuracy of 100%.
(1) The Admissibility of Cases of Labor Disputes
the Arbitration Commission of Liaoning Province received a total of 2564 cases of labor disputes during the first quarter of 2009. …