Advancements in Assistive Technology and AT Laws for the Disabled

By Dove, Marianne K. | Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, Summer 2012 | Go to article overview

Advancements in Assistive Technology and AT Laws for the Disabled


Dove, Marianne K., Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin


As technology plays an increasingly important role in the lives of Americans, it is imperative to provide assistive technologies so that all persons can participate fully in education, employment, and daily living. The author shares key advancements in assistive technology that empower the disabled to perform functions that were previously impossible or difficult. The article also summarizes major federal legislation that provides and spurs accessibility to assistive technology in our schools and society. Today, assistive technology is not an option, but a necessity and a right for the disabled.

Introduction

Technology advances have significandy impacted peoples lives in the last 50 years. Many persons cannot imagine preparing dinner without the use of a microwave, driving a car without utilizing a global positioning system (GPS), or communicating without using a wireless smart phone. Just 15 years ago, few people imagined paying bills by electronic funds transfer (EFT), shopping online, or using the Internet at broadband speeds to access the worlds greatest library - the World Wide Web (WWW) - as common daily occurrences. For individuals with disabilities, modern technological advancements and lowtech and high-tech breakthroughs have not only changed but have revolutionized the way disabled American children and adults learn and live. Advancements in the development and use of assistive technologies (previously referred to as handicapped apparatus or disability equipment) have been astronomical and now enable the disabled to do what their counterparts of years ago could not have fathomed possible.

Advancements in Technology Devices for the Disabled

The benefits of assistive technology cross age, disability, and health challenge - be it a temporary, fluctuating, degenerative, or permanent condition faced by the individual. From infancy to old age, a person may face a range of possible physical, emotional, or cognitive impairments. Robitaille, author of The Illustrative Guide to Assistive Technology and Devices and diagnosed as profoundly deaf since the age of 4, stated, "One of the most important things to remember is that, as humans, we're all temporarily abled. At one point or another it is likely that each of us will use some form of assistive technology" (Robitaille, 2010, p. 7).

Today, thousands of assistive technology products are on the market to help empower people with mild to severe disabilities and with a wide range of individualized needs, from the simple to the most complex. Assistive technologies can include something as low tech as a walking cane or as complex as a bionic limb. Generally, the term low tech encompasses anything that does not require a battery or electricity, whereas high tech refers to stateof-the-art technologies, sophisticated electronics, computers, or software. "When many people think of assistive technology, they think primarily about computers or sophisticated electronic devices. However, it is important to realize that assistive technology applications can be viewed as a continuum" (National Assistive Technology Research Center, 2012, p. 3).

Computer- Assistive Technology

Computer-assistive technologies provide a wide range of modifications that make itpossible for many disabled persons to attend school or college (either traditional brick or click online education) and to secure gainful employment. Even persons with severe disabilities can now use computers equipped to follow and interpret commands based on eye movement or breath. Modern "Screen Readers can scan what's on the computer monitor and convert it to speech or even Braille" (Assisted Disability, 2012, p. 2).

Apple Incorporated includes assistive technology as standard features in its products and at no additional cost. For example, iPhone, iPad, iPod, OS X, and Apple TV include screen magnification and VoiceOver, a screen-access technology, for the blind and visually impaired. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Advancements in Assistive Technology and AT Laws for the Disabled
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.