China's Land Use Planning: Issues and Responses
Ge, He, Cross - Cultural Communication
The purpose of this study is to present the issues in china's LUP, and then some suggestion is put forward to improve it.
Key Words: Land use planning; Land management; Land use; China
HE Ge (2012). China's Land Use Planning: Issues and Responses. Cross-Cultural Communication, 8(3), 29-31. Available from URL: http://www. cscanada.net/index.php/ccc/article/view/j.ccc.1923670020120803.3000
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.ccc. 1923670020120803.3000.
Land use planning (LUP) is one phase of the over-all field of city and regional planning. Essentially it involves the study of past and present land uses in a community, a projection of the needs of services to numbers of people, and finally a written, graphic and visual proposal of how the total land space might be most economical and fairly divided among foreseeable uses. LUP serves a variety of purposes: control of the spatial structure of residential development; regulation of building types; regulation of land use; amenities by fiat. Chinese government has paid importance on LUP since the land law was firstly made in 1986. And there are three editors of LUP has been made in last decades. Objectively speaking, the LUP had achieved many performances in protecting farmland, controlling urban sprawl, increasing land use efficiency etc. However, some issues in China's LUP has caused it failure in regulating land use. So, this study aims at analysis of the issues in the LUP and put forward to some suggestion to improve it so as to it can play a scientific role in land use management in the context of Chinese economic transformation.
1. THE MAIN ISSUES IN CHINA USE PLANNING
1.1 The Time Gaps Between Making and Implement the LUP
In China, there are two or more years' time gaps between making and implement the land use planning. That means we need to spend two or more years making land use planning. So the foundational data, such as population, economy growth rate, types of land use and land area may be collected two or more years ago. Once the planning starts to implement, the situations are mostly possible change. For example, when the second editor LUP over the period of 1997-2010 was making, the Southeast Asian financial crisis happened. Planners gave the smaller economic growth expectation. But the fact showed that the economy growth rate is far more than the forecast in the land use planning. Over the period of 1998-2003, the GDP growth rate is 7.8%, 7.2%, 8.4%, 7.2%, 8.9% and 10.0%, respectively. It is one of the most fast economic growth periods since the reforming and open-up policy. That means if the government had supplied the land according to the land use planning, it would be difficult to satisfy the land requirement for economy development. So, the time lag between making and implement the LUP can't make LUP itself play its role as proper.
1.2 The Conflict Between the Fixity of the LUP and the Complexity of Economic Development
On one hand, the LUP can't be changeable during the covered period in view of its seriousness. Or, it is timeconsuming to change the LUP in order to be suit for the economic development. The land law in china regulate that the LUP can't be changed in any name once it is approved. It showed that china's LUP is very serious in control land use. On the other hand, the economic development is complex, affected by multiple factors, such as some disasters of emergency, the economic policy, the goal of the policy and the international economic environment. So, it is hard for the LUP to forecast accurately the land demand in the next years. For instance, no one can forecast there is an earthquake in 2008 in Sichuan province. The earthquake not only caused huge economic damages, but also led to many infrastructures, such as highways, bridges and buildings destruct. After the earthquake, Chinese government unveiled a 4 trillion yuan economic stimulus package to stimulate economic growth and domestic demand. …