The Study on the Role of Public Administration in the Modernization of State

By Mitu, Cristina-Dana | Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice, January 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

The Study on the Role of Public Administration in the Modernization of State


Mitu, Cristina-Dana, Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice


ABSTRACT.

The paper states that public administration is crucial to the achievement of developmental aims and that it is substantially inextricable from its wider governance and societal structures and social milieus. The paper relates that an important unit of analysis is the nature of institutions and the "inherently" perceived phenomenon of power dynamics. The concept of power is important in understanding the intra- and interorganizational political dynamics and reality of public institutions. The paper further states that it is crucial to understand the nature and role of public administration in society in light of globalization and changing role of the state. Lastly, the paper looks at the evolving role of public administration as an instrument of the state in "serving" citizens.

Keywords: public, power dynamics, institutions, administration, globalization

After the fall of communism in December 1989, Romania underwent a number of drastic economic and accounting reforms that more reflected western business principles. In a European and international context with growing political, economic and social challenges, it is essential to improve the responsiveness of Public Administration. Public Administration will increasingly have to deal with other Administrations and decision-making and problem- solving will be a major influence on the progress of the nation and its prestige in the international community.

The reformation and the modernization of the public administration represent an important problem in the life of any state. Therefore all the countries during their development tried in one way or another to modernize and satisfy the needs and the necessities of the society, setting up the way of function, the relations between the public administration and the civil society. An efficient, responsive, transparent and responsible public administration is of a major importance for an adequate function of a state and at the same time it is a fundamental instrument with the help of which the strategies of the Government can be implemented. In such a way the public administration is one of the main mechanisms with the help of which the link between the state, civil society and the private sphere is realized.

In all countries, central government is one conducting political affairs and administration of general interests, for ensemble of national community (Alexandru loan, 1999). Public administrations vary from country to country, as do their reform processes. They reflect different circumstances, different needs and different philosophies about the role of government in society. Public administration can be conceptualized as an organizational structure, a system, a function, an institutional construct, procedures and processes or just a set of practices in the exercise of public authority. There has been considerable mutation of the concept of public administration moving from its traditional centralized neutral and controlled expert application of laws, rules and regulations to promote the general interest, to public management following the dictates of efficiency as practiced in the management of private enterprises, and recently to governance with emphasis on the participation of the governed in the exercise of public authority. However, even within these mutations there remains a core concept of Public Administration as an instrument of State action, which must be sharp for effectiveness in overall development and public service delivery. Whether its sharpness can be strengthened by adopting management practices similar to those of private enterprises or through strong partnerships with stakeholders, involvement of service users, participation of the governed, or a combination of all of these, the fact will remain that so far no country can coherently and prosperously survive and develop without an effective public administration. The United Nations General Assembly emphasized this in its resolution 50/225 of 1996 by recognizing that: "there is a need for public administration systems to be sound, efficient and well equipped with the appropriate capacities and capabilities through, interalia, capacity building, promotion of transfer, access and utilization of technology, establishment or improvement of training programs for public services, strengthening of partnership of the public sector with the private sector and civil society, as well as providing an enabling environment for private sector activities. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

The Study on the Role of Public Administration in the Modernization of State
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.