Reports from ICTM National and Regional Representatives
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by Silvia Citro, Liaison Officer
The last report on Argentina for the Bulletin of the ICTM was in 2002. Then, our country was suffering a serious economic and political crisis that also had an impact on our scholarly activities. Nevertheless, a process of recovery has begun in 2003, which results in a slow but steady growth in scholarly studies on traditional music and dance.
Nowadays, there are groups of young researchers working at different state universities and cultural institutions, dedicated especially to studies about "popular music" and different ethnic and folk dances, which have had a vigorous impulse in the last decade. I will sum up these activities and, at the end, the publications of ICTM members.
Main Research Projects
National Institute of Musicology "Carlos Vega"
In this institution research has been done on different traditional music and ritual performances, such as on Afro-Argentinean music and dances (Norberto Pablo Cirio), ritual performances of popular Catholicism in the province of Jujuy (Graciela Restelli and Héctor Goyena), tango music (Omar García Brunelli and Héctor Goyena) and chamamé (Alejandra Cragnolini). Furthermore, several books and CDs on these topics have been published by the Institute.
Besides, since 2006 Norberto Pablo Cirio has been working on the UNESCO Program "La Voz de los Sin Voz" (The voice of the voiceless} (PNUD ARG/05/016), coordinated by Susana Fernández de Moreau. He has documented music mainly in rural communities of the northwest of Argentina, and published articles, CDs and Videos.
University of Buenos Aires
At the Institute of Anthropological Sciences of this University, ICTM members have received grants for developing different research projects.
Between 2004 and 2007, Irma Ruiz coordinated a collective research project about three indigenous groups of Argentina, entitled "History interpretations and postcolonial socio-cultural strategies in the Mbyá, Toba and Mocoví groups: A study of their performances".
Following these ethnomusicological studies, Miguel A. García, Silvia Citro, and Adriana Cerletti, researchers trained by Irma Ruiz in this field, began to develop different collective projects with young researchers and postgraduate students.
Since 2004, Miguel A. García has coordinated four collective research projects. One of them about "Argentine popular music: Theoretical Reflection and Critical Bibliography" (UBACYT 2004-2008); and other three about the relation between music and visual designs in different indigenous peoples of the Gran Chaco region: "Anthropology of aesthetic paradigms: musical practices and figurative art among the aborigines of the Gran Chaco - Pilagá and Ishir" (UBACYT 2008-2010); "Anthropology of the aesthetic interaction politics among aborigines and White people. Musical practices and abstract and figurative representations of the Pilagá and Ishir of the Gran Chaco" (PIP 2009-2011); and "Aesthetics of the Otherness. Anthropology of the musical practices and abstract and figurative designs of the Pilagá and Mbyá (Argentina)" (UBACYT 2011-2014). The last two projects also included Irma Ruiz as Senior Researcher.
Since 2006, Silvia Citro has coordinated three collective research projects that documented and analysed cultural formances from Indigenous, Afro-American and Asiatic traditions, focusing especially on dances practiced in different regions of Argentina: "Body and Multiculturalism in contemporary socio-aesthetic practices. A comparative study on performances in Buenos Aires and Rosario" (UBACYT 2006-2009); "Body, performance and cultural diversity in the context of the tion process" (PICT 2008-2011); and "Bodies, performances and politics: Aesthetic practices in a context of cultural diversity and social exclusion" (UBACYT 2010-2012).
In 2007, Adriana Cerletti developed a project of transcription and musical analysis of song-dances of the Indigenous of the Argentinean Chaco, funded by the National Arts Fund. …