Marital Quality in the Context of Interpersonal Dependency

By Chmielewska, Maria | Economics & Sociology, July 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

Marital Quality in the Context of Interpersonal Dependency


Chmielewska, Maria, Economics & Sociology


ABSTRACT. The survey presented in this paper partly proved the main hypothesis "Marital quality and the degree of interpersonal dependency are in inverse proportion, i.e. the higher marital quality, the lower the degree of interpersonal dependency". The phenomenon of interpersonal dependency is derived from the concept of codependency, which is mainly related to alcoholism, but also to other types of mental and physical dependence on the substance or process.

JEL Classification : F22, Z10

Keywords: the quality of the marriage; interpersonal dependency, marriage

Introduction

The quality of the marriage depends on many factors. These include, among others, subjective sense of satisfaction of spouses, partners personality type and their own activity (see eg Spanier, Lewis, 1979; Braun-Gakowska, 1985, 1992, 2008; Plopa, 2008), as well as the maturity to marry, reasons for choosing a spouse, chief compliance attitudes towards values and character traits, communication within marriage and sexual arrangement (see, for example: Earth, 1975; Rostowski, 1987; Janicka Niebrzydowski, 1994, Rys, 1994, 1999, 2008b; Wojciszke, 2005; Plopa, 2008 ). Maria Trawinska (1997) stresses the importance of compliance of the established model of marriage, the motivation to act on behalf of marriage and the balance between the elements of continuity (family tradition) and the components of variation (self-development). Many researchers highlights the important relationship between economic and socio-ontic conditions and the quality of the marriage (see eg Trawinska, 1977, Braun-Gakowska, 1992, 2008, Rys, 1999, 2008b; Wojciszke, 2005). Good material conditions are positively correlated with the quality of the marriage (see eg Amato, Johnson, Booth, Rogers, 2003, for: Jankowiak, 2007, p. 16; Plopa, 2008).

However, there are studies that indicate that the level of satisfaction with the marriage remains to small extent dependent on coping with external tasks such as the financial security of the family. Maintaining internal cohesion and the exchange of positive actions and feelings in a relationship are of crucial meaning (see eg Brichler et al., 1975, Gottman, 1979; Levinger, 1964, for: Wojciszke, 2005, p. 149). Researchers have also studied the quality of marriage in the light of attachment theory (cf. eg Bowlby, 1969, for Holmes, 2007, p. 129; Hazan, Shaver, 1987, for Holmes, 2007, p. 129; Shaver et al., 1988 , for: Wojciszke, 2005, p 87; Mikulincer, Nachson, 1991, Feeney, Noller, 1990 by: Wojciszke, 2005, p. 90; Halpern, 2007). The marital satisfaction in late adulthood (Lee, 1988), and the correlation between the relationship quality and job satisfaction has been analyzed (Rogers, May, 2003). In addition, premarital cohabitation negatively correlated with the quality of the marriage (see eg Laskowski, 1987; Larson, Holman, 1994; Balakrishnan, Rao, Lapierre-Adamcyk, Krótki, 1987; Bennett, Blac, Bloom, 1988; De Maris, Leslie, 1984, Janus, Janus, 1993; Trussell, Rao, 1989; Thomson, Collela, 1992, Kamp Dush, Cohan, Amato, 2003, for: Jankowiak, 2007, p. 17). Other studies have shown the importance of serial cohabitation in the terms of the quality of marriage (DeMaris, MacDonald, 1993, for: ibid, p 19). Sexual initiation before marriage can have either a negative or positive effect on future marriage (Cate, Long, Anger, Draper, 1993, for: ibid, p. 20). Psychological differences between sexes knowledge is also important for high-quality relationship (cf. eg Sujak, 1988; Zienkiewicz, 1988, Rys, 1999; Zarembowie, 2007; Pulikowski, 2008). Maria Rys (1994, 1996, 1999) shows that integrating conflict resolution deepens the intimacy of the spouses. Renata Doniec (2001) emphasizes the need for implementation of affiliation in the relationship. Mieczyslaw Plopa (2008) points out that there is a higher level of sense of coherence in spouses in a successful relationships. All authors emphasize the important role of love and emotional involvement for the quality of marriage. …

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