Shared Story Reading: Teaching Mathematics to Students with Moderate and Severe Disabilities

By Courtade, Ginevra R.; Lingo, Amy S. et al. | Teaching Exceptional Children, January/February 2013 | Go to article overview

Shared Story Reading: Teaching Mathematics to Students with Moderate and Severe Disabilities


Courtade, Ginevra R., Lingo, Amy S., Karp, Karen S., Whitney, Todd, Teaching Exceptional Children


Shared story reading is used successfully to promote literacy skills for all students. However, the benefits of shared story reading are not exclusive to literacy instruction and should carry into other disciplines, such as mathematics. Using shared story reading to teach mathematics concepts can play an important role in mathematics instruction for all students. What steps should teachers follow when using children's literature as a contextual springboard to meaningful mathematics lessons for students with moderate and severe disabilities?

Have you ever felt dissatisfied? If so, you might relate to the story of a greedy triangle that goes on a wild mathematical adventure in an attempt to find fulfillment. The triangle begins by spending his days as roofs on houses or halves of sandwiches but he quickly falls into place when people put their hands on their hips. Soon he wants more. He visits the local "shapeshifter" and requests "one more side and one more angle" (Burns, 1994, p. 5). With the help of a magical charm, the triangle turns into a quadrilateral. Now he can be a page in a book, a checkerboard, and more! As you might guess, there is no stopping the "greedy" triangle as he winds his way through multiple changes that illustrate the geometric properties of many different two-dimensional shapes.

A story such as The Greedy Tdangle (Burns, 1994) not only immediately engages students' attention but also can be used to combine instruction in literacy and mathematics. This integrated approach is a foundational component for teachers in states adopting the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). Students learn mathematics when the concepts are embedded in meaningful contexts (Van de Walle, Karp, & BayWilliams, 2013). Starting a mathematics lesson with a problem set in a context (e.g., the "greedy triangle" seeking more sides and angles) engages learners and positions them in the role of a problem solver. This meets the CCSS goal of having students "make sense of problems and persevere in solving them" (CCSS Initiative, 2010, p. 6). Using children's literature to create a context for problem solving can result in meaningful mathematics lessons for students with moderate and severe disabilities (see box, "Teaching Rudy").

What Is Shared Story Reading?

Reading picture books aloud is a common practice of teachers as well as parents to engage children in the literature experience in an attempt to improve reading skills. Anderson, Hiebert, Scott, and Wilkinson (1985) described reading aloud to children as "the single most important activity for building the knowledge required for eventual success in reading" (p. 33). That foundational concept is still alive today, but this same knowledge-building in literacy can be used to strengthen learning in many areas. Reading aloud to students can build vocabulary, improve listening comprehension skills, and increase their ability to recognize words (Lane & Wright, 2007). Readers can also actively engage the student through discussion about the story situation (Morrison & Wlodarczyk, 2009).

Shared story reading (also called interactive read-alouds, modeled reading, or story-based lessons) occurs when a teacher orally reads a book, and students purposefully and strategically interact with both the content of the book and the teacher. The shared story reading experience differs from traditional "reading aloud" in that it requires the student to be an active participant rather than a passive listener (National Early Literacy Panel, 2008). lb stimulate this interface, teachers use sense-making techniques such as questioning, prompting, or modeling before, during, and after reading the book to enhance meaning and draw connections (What Works Clearinghouse, 2007). Shared story reading must be interactive and foster communication to accomplish the goal of meaningful student engagement.

Shared Story Reading and Mathematics Instruction

Shared story reading can play an important role in mathematics instruction because "many children's books present interesting problems and illustrate how other children solve them. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • A full archive of books and articles related to this one
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Shared Story Reading: Teaching Mathematics to Students with Moderate and Severe Disabilities
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.