An Exploratory Study on Female Employees' Perception toward Work Environment: Structural Equation Modelling Approach
Rahman, Muhammad Sabbir, International Journal of Business Studies
The purpose of this paper is to find out the factors that are influencing female employees' perception toward work environment in the private organisation's perspective. The survey instruments were employed on 150 female employees of different position from various private organisations by using convenient sampling procedure in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Data analysis was carried out through exploratory factor analysis (EFA); confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modelling (SEM) of total samples respectively. From this research it was discovered that most of the respondents had given greater priority on the level of interaction followed by work based self-esteem and job involvement. It is hoped that to create a better work environment for the female employees' the findings of this study may assist government and non-government organisations where majority of the workforce are diversified. Employers can also incorporate these findings by shaping organisational culture in such a way as to enhance the overall level of job satisfaction of their female employees, making them more willing to remain and build their career within the organisation. So the organisation can minimise the chances of losing talented individuals and is thus more likely to create a competitive advantage. No single exploratory research has been conducted over the years under this perspective in Bangladeshi's environment. Moreover, this is a relatively new issue that remains largely undiscovered by researchers under the underdeveloped country's perspective.
Keywords: work environment, female workforce, job involvement, work-based selfesteem, Dhaka City, Bangladesh
On a global scale, women represent a relatively untapped source of talent in the workplace. Even though progress has been made over the last decades, barriers to women's advancement continue to persist. Organisations need to address stereotypical bias in order to ensure that they do not underutilise any segment of the talent pool, and scarce managerial skills are effectively deployed. In Bangladesh the workforce composition has changed considerably over the past 10 years. In recent time it has observed that to cope with the changing environment on human resource management practices, the workforce of Bangladesh especially in private organisation is becoming more and more diverse in terms of gender, ethnicity, age, and so forth (Islam and Siengthai, 2010).
At present, research that directly links the concept of female employees' perception towards work environment in organisations is in immense shortage under the Bangladeshi work environment perspective where large number of workforce are female. This knowledge gap is the area where the present research intends to contribute. To this aim, this research on female employees' perception on their current work environment would provide valuable information for the corporate leaders for better utilisation of the massive workforce in a developing country like Bangladesh where a significant number of workforce are female. The overall objective of this research is to present insights about the working woman's perception toward work environment in organisations. In short this research also tries to explore the following specific objectives as well. These are:
* To find out factors, influencing women's perception toward the working environment; and
* To offer some recommendation(s) under the perspective of the perception of working women toward the environment in private organisations.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
Different studies and sources in several countries show that the increase of women in managerial positions is still lopsided, especially when compared to the total number of females in the workforce (Vianen and Fischer, 2002; Vinnicombie, 2000). Indeed, there is a growing body of literature that has spanned the last three decades regarding the issue of sex discrimination against women in corporate management. …