Attitudes of Jordanian Youth towards Violence against Women
Al-Matalka, Faisal Ibrahim Mohammad, Hussainat, Mohammad M., Asian Social Science
This study aimed to examine the attitudes of Jordanian youth towards violence against women. A sample of 2216 youth was randomly selected from all the twelve Governorates in Jordan. A questionnaire was developed to attain the goal of this study, means, standard deviation, t value, and p - value were used. Results showed that Jordanian youth accept violence against women mean > 3, 00, significance level < 0, 05. The findings also showed the most important causes of violence against women as perceived by youth are women not participating in family decisions and lack of religious commitment. It also revealed the most effect of violence against women as seen by youth breaking up of the family and causing continuous worries to family members. The findings also showed that youth do not favor the intervention of officials because they believe that this will cause bad reputation to the family.
Keywords: attitude, youth, violence, women, Jordan
In the historical context, violence against women was not a problem for those communities, because they treated women like a commodity owned by the man, which gave him the traditional legislation, and blessed violence against women as a tool of control and education. The situation remained like that until the social changes and education which accompanied the discovery and development that took place in the means of communication, laws and the emergence of concepts of human rights that benefited the prohibition and criminalization of this behavior. However, violence against women still constitutes a danger to the community as a common feature of all societies, where there is hardly any society who do not suffer from this problem, and under different names and pretexts, which derived their justification from ancient cultures handed down between generations, to become the scourge of the modern era, which distorts and kills the spirit of modern humans from all aspects such as the psychological, social, physical, sexual, and economical, and constitutes a threat to society in all sectors and crosses all cultures, borders, religions, education, technology, races, social classes, economic and others.
Violence against women constitutes a violation of human rights, it is also considered as a manifestation of unequal power relations between women and men, which helps the survival of male control over women and prevents women advancement. The issue of violence against the wife falls under the Domestic Violence, which is still not recognized in the community because of the privacy of family relations, and wives cover-up to what violence comes on them, and their sense of shame and disgrace if violence appeared to the public, because consciously or unconsciously the society makes them responsible for what violence falls on them by their husbands. The causes of violence against the wife, lie in the absence of mind, lack of knowledge and understanding, inability to think well or lack of self control (Al-qudah & Salloum, 2006).
The problem of violence against women formed a black shadow for those communities which practice violence against women, and in spite of human progress in various aspects and what hopes build on it to reduce and dissipate this phenomenon, and with the growth of human values which provides security, peace, democracy and equal opportunity and justice. Violence against women still presents itself to dispel many of the hopes that aspires peoples, dominated by the values of brotherhood, justice and democracy. The last century and the beginning of this century have seen upsurge of violence against women in various areas of social existence, psychological, and economical aspects, and established a presence in various geographical variations, and lefttheir mark on various aspects of life in this era.
The phenomenon of violence against women for being female, is considered as a global phenomenon experienced by women everywhere and wherever they are, although its forms are different. …