Necessity of Accreditation Standards for Quality Assurance of Medical Basic Sciences

By Rezaeian, M.; Jalili, Z. et al. | Iranian Journal of Public Health, January 2013 | Go to article overview

Necessity of Accreditation Standards for Quality Assurance of Medical Basic Sciences


Rezaeian, M., Jalili, Z., Nakhaee, N., Shirazi, J. Jahroomi, Jafari, A. R., Iranian Journal of Public Health


Abstract

Background: The present article reviews the significance of accreditation standards while emphasizing the necessity of implementation of such standards by basic medical science council, with an eye on such international standards as those published by WFME. This review article had to decide on the key words and expressions, data bases, to review relevant literature, review higher and medical education journals at GOOGLE, ELSEVIER, PUBMED, and such web sites as those of WFME and WMA's. Accreditation is a powerful leverage for institutional change and improvement and must be actively supported by academic and national health authorities worldwide. Considering the mission of the Basic Medical Science, Health and Post grad. Education, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran as accountable medical education, all specialists of the spectrum of disciplines agreed on the necessity of formulating the medical education standards for all disciplines of their interest. It is important that all efforts be joined in the endeavor to create effective and reliable instruments for quality assurance of Basic Medical Sciences Education.

Keyword: Accreditation, Higher Education, WFME Global Standards, Education, Iran

Introduction

In recent years, all over the world we witnessed a rapid growth in the number of medical education centers and disciplines (1, 2). Many such institutes were established without any regulatory supervision, no accreditation and quite often suffer from shortage of physical and human resources, educational and particularly clinical education facilities (2, 3). In the past two decades, the Islamic Republic of Iran witnessed a drastic growth in the number of educational institutes and new disciplines.

Figure 1, 2 demonstrate the ascending trend of admissions into post grad disciplines at Iranian universities during the past decade; this is equally applicable to medical sciences (4). These efforts resulted in a quantitative growth in medical science graduates to cope with the societal needs for skilled manpower. Along with this quantitative growth, policy makers now turn their attention to qualitative growth with an emphasis on quality education. International medical education bodies, nevertheless, emphasize that medical education graduates should promote community health through their services; enjoy effective communication and internal dynamic impetus for long life learning (5-7).

Medical schools are founded on the three principles of education, research, and health care services to face social challenges and meet the social needs (8).Nowadays, universities and other educational institutes are accountable for economic, political, and cultural development and manpower trainings (9).

In order to perform these important duties/tasks, universities need suitable patterns and tools to evaluate. One of the significant strategies to guarantee universities quality performance is accreditation and the establishment of defined standards for higher education.

The Standards for accreditation:

. has clearly defined purposes appropriate to an institution of higher learning;

. has assembled and organized those resources necessary to achieve its purposes;

. is achieving its purposes;

. Has the ability to continue to achieve its purposes (10).

Self-regulation is an essential element in the success of accreditation. Thus, the Standards for Accreditation were developed through a lengthy participatory process involving the membership in articulating the dimensions of quality required of institutions of higher education deserving of the public trust (11).

Quality assurance of higher education institutions and programmes is increasingly based on accreditation processes. A programme for promotion of accreditation was formulated within the WHO/WFME strategic partnership including: National specification of the WFME Standards for basic medical education , Assistance in the institutional self-evaluation, External review by WFME advisors of the institutional self-evaluation report, Site visit to medical school by a external review team, Formulation of final evaluation report , Development of an accreditation organization and accreditation council and procedure for accreditation (12). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Necessity of Accreditation Standards for Quality Assurance of Medical Basic Sciences
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.