Nonconsensual Insemination and Pornography: The Relationship between Sex Roles, Sex Crimes, and "STRT," "Gay," and "Shemale" Films on Youporn.com

By Cusack, Carmen; Waranius, Matthew | Journal of Research in Gender Studies, July 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

Nonconsensual Insemination and Pornography: The Relationship between Sex Roles, Sex Crimes, and "STRT," "Gay," and "Shemale" Films on Youporn.com


Cusack, Carmen, Waranius, Matthew, Journal of Research in Gender Studies


ABSTRACT.

This research sought to discover whether heterosexual, homosexual, and transsexual pornographic films contain nonconsensual insemination or other sex crimes, condom use, or intimate partner violence in pornographic films, and what ideas about gender roles, sex and patriarchy are communicated to the audience. With respect to pornography, each of these categories has been related to patriarchal attitudes in feminist philosophy, politics, and clinical studies. Recent studies show that commercial, mainstream pornography may not directly cause sex crimes, despite the fact that this has been the main feminist antagonism of pornography in recent decades. Nevertheless, patriarchal attitudes may exist in pornography, irrespective of whether the pornography depicts sex crimes or whether viewers emulate the pornographic films and commit sex crimes. Patriarchal attitudes were evident in heterosexual, homosexual, and transsexual films. Manifestations of patriarchy, exhibited by nonconsensual insemination, sex crimes, condom use, or intimate partner violence, sometimes played out differently in heterosexual, homosexual, and transsexual films, but sometimes they were the same. One striking difference between genders was that there were no sex crimes in transsexual films, but public sex occurred in ninety percent of the homosexual films. Another significant difference is that there was no rape in heterosexual films, though there was nonconsensual insemination. Thirty percent of homosexual films featured rape, but condom use was high. Researchers analyzed thirty films and the significance of their findings in this article.

Keywords: transsexual, gay, straight, rape, nonconsensual insemination, pornography, money shot, ejaculation, sex crime, violence

1. Introduction

This work researched and analyzed whether heterosexual, homosexual, and transsexual pornographic films contain nonconsensual insemination or other sex crimes, condom use, or intimate partner violence in pornographic films, and what ideas about gender roles, sex and patriarchy are communicated to the audience. The specific interest of this work is nonconsensual insemination, a criminal form of intimate partner violence that relates to gender roles. The broader interest of this work is how sex crime, gender, and violence in pornography express patriarchal attitudes through sex roles.

This research is conducted through the feminist lens and through the eyes of two somewhat liberal viewers. The viewers participate in a social paradigm that includes the LGBT community, women's liberation, and the right to sexual privacy and freedom. This research depends on the perception that the artistic depiction of violence in pornography could possibly influence viewers. This literature review discusses recent studies that have attempted to determine whether pornography degrades women and whether it influences viewers to commit acts of sexual and intimate partner violence in European nations and the U.S. Degradation may exist in violence, in an absence of sexual agency, or in a more abstract form. Many of these studies argued that pornography does not inspire violence irrespective of whether it degrades women. Though feminist theory has been generalized and globalized, the scope of this study and analysis applies to paradigms that are similar to the American paradigm of sex, gender roles, and crime. This study inquired whether pornography includes gender-relative depictions of violence and criminal activity. We asked, do heterosexual, homosexual, or transsexual sex roles correlate with the depiction of nonconsensual insemination and other sex crimes, condom use, or intimate partner violence? Among less significant findings, there were four major findings. First, nonconsensual insemination only occurred in heterosexual films. Second, violence against women was not more prevalent than violence against homosexual men. Third, sex crimes were very common in homosexual films. …

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