Therapeutic Uses of Rap and Hip-Hop

By Hausig, Audrey | Music Therapy Perspectives, July 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

Therapeutic Uses of Rap and Hip-Hop


Hausig, Audrey, Music Therapy Perspectives


Hadley, S., & Yancy, G. (Eds.). (2012). Therapeutic uses of rap and hip-hop. New York, NY: Routledge, 427 pages. ISBN-10: 978-0-415-88474-7. $34.95. ISBN-13: 9780415-88473-0 $135.00.

Therapeutic Uses of Rap and Hip-Hop, edited by Susan Hadley and George Yancy, advocates for the use of this genre in therapy. By providing an in-depth history and exploration of many case examples and programs, the authors explain not only how hip-hop can be extremely beneficial to clients, but how neglecting or excluding its use can be harmful to clients by sending negative messages about who they are as people and as members or their communities. With the current movement towards person-centered and culturally competent treatment, it is imperative for music therapists and other health care professionals to engage clients in the music and culture they identify with. The authors challenge barriers to using rap and hip-hop in therapy such as misconceived generalizations about negative lyrics and therapist's personal unease related to unfamiliarity. This book addresses a significant gap in the literature and in music therapy training programs. It is a starting point for practitioners who want to incorporate hiphop in their practices, and a wonderful resource for those who already do and want to further understand and develop their work. There is some incongruence between chapters in the meaning of terms, which is discussed and attributed to the lack of literature on the subject. Generally, "hip-hop" includes music, dance, art, poetry, fashion, and all aspects of the culture, while "rap" refers specifically to music.

The book is divided into three major sections. The first provides a comprehensive history of the genre including its development, starting in the South Bronx in the 1970s as well as its West African roots. It also explores various theoretical perspectives connecting hip-hop and treatment. Section 2 provides case examples and descriptions of programs with atrisk youth in which various receptive, recreative, and improvisatory methods are explored. Though the focus is on music-based interventions, there are examples of other creative arts modalities including dance, poetry, and art. The last section provides a similar review of clinical case examples, studies, and programs, focusing on specific settings. The settings include outpatient mental health, a children's hospital, inpatient addictions treatment, oncology, and inpatient forensics. Every chapter in this book not only advocates for the use of rap and hip-hop in treatment, but also helps legitimize it. Arguments against using rap and hip-hop are outlined and challenged by providing historical and social contexts, describing many examples of its benefits through research and case examples, and offering detailed explanations of why and how hip-hop's musical and cultural intricacies facilitate clients in attaining greater health.

The history and theory section starts with a chapter by Andrea Frisch Hara, who provides a history of hip-hop to describe how its musical, social, and cultural attributes are beneficial to adolescents in therapy. The plentiful web links to traditional African music, R&B, blues, and old school and modern rap are excellent in illustrating the development of rap and its roots, and again its significance to adolescent development. In the second chapter, Don Elligan describes the different of types of rap, such as "gansta" and "political," and explains how each type lends itself to psychotherapy with adolescents.

Chapters 3, 4, and 5 offer different theoretical lenses through which to explore rap in music therapy. Aaron Lightstone applies a music-centered approach to the therapeutic use of rap, where the focus is on active music making. Significant aesthetic, thematic, cultural, and historical aspects of rap are discussed, related to their importance in meeting client needs, and related to music therapist's responsibilities to develop knowledge and musical skills. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Therapeutic Uses of Rap and Hip-Hop
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.