This Week in Religion History - May 26 - June 1

The Canadian Press, May 17, 2013 | Go to article overview

This Week in Religion History - May 26 - June 1


This week in religion history - May 26 - June 1

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May 26

In 735, Bede the Venerable, known as the father of English church history, Benedictine monk, priest, writer, hymn writer, died at about age 62. He was educated at Jarrow and spent the rest of his life in the monastery in Northumberland, in the north of England.

In 1232, Pope Gregory IX sent the first Inquisition team to Aragon in Spain, after turning its details over to the Dominicans the previous year.

In 1538, Geneva expelled Protestant church reformer John Calvin. Calvin's rigorous plans for reform of church and city clashed with the Swiss city's long-standing moral indifference.

In 1858, in Pittsburgh, the Associate Presbyterian and the Associate Reformed Presbyterian churches merged to form the United Presbyterian Church in North America.

In 2005, the Quebec National Assembly voted unanimously to condemn Islamic tribunals in Quebec and in rest of Canada.

In 2008, 70 per cent of Anglicans in London, Ont., voted in favour of conditionally allowing ministers to bless married, same-sex couples.

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May 27

In 1564, John Calvin, a leader of the Protestant Reformation, died at Geneva at age 54. He spent the last years of his life trying to turn the Swiss city into a theocratic society.

In 1917, Pope Benedict XV promulgated the Codex iuris canonici. Divided into five books and 2,414 regulations, the CIC was the first revision of canon law in the Roman Catholic church in modern times, and went into effect at Pentecost the following year.

In 1924, the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, meeting at Springfield, Md., repealed its ban on dancing and theatre attendance.

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May 28

In 1089, Lanfranc, the first Norman Archbishop of Canterbury, died. During his time as archbishop, he rebuilt the cathedral, based on the design of his former abbey in Caen, in northern France.

In 1533, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, declared the marriage of England's King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn valid.

In 1731, all Hebrew books in the Vatican-controlled Papal States were confiscated.

In 1898, the Shroud of Turin was photographed for the first time. Many believe the shroud shows the negative image of the crucified Jesus Christ.

In 1954, U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a bill which added the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance.

In 1958, the Presbyterian Church in the U.S. merged with the Presbyterian Church of North America to form the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America.

In 1981, Poland's Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski died. A member of the Polish resistance in the Second World War, he later cautiously supported such movements as the Workers' Defence Committee, Solidarity and Rural Solidarity, which sought greater freedom from the late 1970s until the collapse of Communist rule.

In 2010, Prime Minister Stephen Harper bestowed honorary Canadian citizenship upon the Aga Khan, a billionaire philanthropist and spiritual leader of 20 million Muslims worldwide. …

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