Intergenerational Web Sites and Resources
McGuire, Francis, McDonald, Jessyna M., Parks & Recreation
Since 1990, the populations of older adults has more than tripled, from one percent in 1900 to 12.8 percent (33.9 million) in 1996 (AARP and Administration on Aging, 1997). Between 2010 and 2030, the population ages 65 and older is expected to increase by 75 percent (more than 69 million). As the population continues to age, there will be various changes in the nature of home, family, work, and leisure. According to Godbey (1997), everyday life is being transformed by the information highway and, subsequently, power and success will be based upon the ability to use this technology. The purpose of this article is to present an overview of various intergenerational sites and resources on the World Wide Web, which may be useful to recreation, parks, and leisure services professionals in program development and evaluation.
Utilizing the most comprehensive searches on the Internet, "Dogpile" (http:// www.dogpile.com/) and MetaFind Multi-Engine Search (http://search.metafind.com/), a review of intergenerational programs was conducted. The query string "intergenerational programs" was used, and resources were evaluated using criteria from '-Thinking Critically About Discipline-Based World Wide Web Resources" (Grassian, 1997). Each site was evaluated for use by recreation, park, and leisure services personnel using the following criteria: content and evaluation; source and date; and application to the field. Initial results, categorized by individual search engines, yielded the following distribution of documents:
Sites with specific application to the field of recreation, parks, and leisure services were reviewed and divided into the following classifications: community service and service learning; education; entrepreneurship; health; and research.
AGING NETWORK AND RESEARCH WEB SITES
Administration on Aging (http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/)
The Administration on Aging (AOA) Web site is administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and provides information and resources for state and area agencies on aging and tribal organizations. The mission of AOA is to increase awareness of the valuable contributions made by older Americans by promoting comprehensive in-home and community services. AOA contracts with various public and private groups to provide supportive services in access services, in-home and community services, and caregiver services. Links of special interest include the Older Americans Act, The Aging Network, Research, Demonstration and Training Programs, and the White House Conference on Aging and Aging-Related Sites.
National Institute on Aging http:/www.nih.gov/nia)
The National Institute on Aging (NIA) is one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The mission of NIA is to promote healthy aging through biomedical, social, and behavioral research and public education. Included among the links is "What's New," which includes recent announcements, press releases, employment opportunities, and upcoming events. "NIA Research" includes information on extramural aging research and intramural research at NIH and the Gerontology Research Center in Baltimore. The link on "Funding and Training Opportunities" provides information about NIA research training, grants on aging, and its Work Group on Minority Aging. Included in the "Health Information" link are publications on health and aging, including on-line order forms.
SERVICE AND SERVICE LEARNING
National Corporation for Community Service (http://www.nationalservice. org/)
The mission of the Corporation for National Service is to address the nation's educational, public safety, environmental, and health needs by providing opportunities for all Americans, regardless of age, to engage in community service. The Corporation for National Service was created in 1990 and is proposed to be amended in the National and Community Service Amendments Act of 1998. The four major goals of the Corporation for National Service are greater flexibility to states and local communities in implementing national service programs, reduced costs and improved efficiencies, increased coordination among national and community service programs authorized under these acts as well as those carried out by states and local communities and organizations, and modified and improved programs. …