On the Relationship between the Social Intelligence and Aggression: A Case Study of High School Boy Students

By Shekarey, Abbas; Ladani, Hajar Jannesari et al. | International Journal of Education, January 1, 2013 | Go to article overview

On the Relationship between the Social Intelligence and Aggression: A Case Study of High School Boy Students


Shekarey, Abbas, Ladani, Hajar Jannesari, Rostami, Mostafa Sedaghat, Jamshidi, Monir, International Journal of Education


Abstract

This study made an attempt to investigate the relationship between the social intelligence and aggression among the high school boy students in Kashan city, Iran. To conduct this study, descriptive-correlational research method was used. Descriptive method was used to describe the current status of the student's social intelligence and aggression .Correlational method was used to investigate the relationship between the social intelligence and aggression .Population of the study incorporated 3850 high school boy students of kashan city in the academic year 2010-2011.Of this population, 423 subjects were chosen through multistage cluster sampling method. To assess the subjects, measurement tools such as Buss Perry(1992) aggression questionnaire and Thout(1995) social intelligence questionnaire were used. When it came to the analysis of the obtained data, correlation coefficient and regression coefficient were used. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between the social intelligence and aggression ,especially verbal aggression , physical aggression ,violence ,and hostility among the high school boy students in Kashan city .The results also showed that the more students' social intelligence is, the less their aggressive behavior become .Therefore, to decrease the students' aggressive behaviors, their social intelligence should be improved through appropriate curriculum planning ,and through holding in-service education programs and educational workshops for the principals.

Keywords: social intelligence; cognitive intelligence; affectionate intelligence; aggressive behaviors; physical and verbal aggression

1. Introduction

Human being can achieve success by using his intelligence, that is IQ, but he may not have a great relationship with other members of the society. This kind of persons appears to be successful, but they are not aware of depriving themselves from some better successes and facilities because they have ignored or have not used usefully their social intelligence and social skills. Those whom we consider conversing and connecting with them a threat or a problematic task are more able to encourage themselves to do their works appropriately and to succeed in their works; it is possible that these persons may not have a pleasant social relation with others ,and also they may have poor communicative skills .Furthermore, the environment surrounding their visible successes is a dull and lifeless environment(Bradbury & Grifs,2008).Ethnocentric thought refers to a particular kind of thinking that make the person think only about himself and don't consider what other people need(Aronson,2004).Abstention from self-centeredness would result in some social benefits. For example, if the self-centered person abstain from self-centeredness, he will learn to respect others, to feel sympathy for some body and so on. These consequences of abstention from self-centeredness are needed in the modern society because they would cause social benefits for the society (Goleman, 1995).For many years, the most common attempts of intelligence theorists have been to incorporate the emotions in the domain of intelligence rather than considering them two opposite poles. Therefore, the known psychologist of the 1920s and 1930s Thorndike mentioned in his articles that social intelligence means the ability to understand others and to act reasonably in human relations. Thorndike(1920) also believed that intelligence is an unformed factor because we can't judge somebody's abilities by considering just his intelligence. Thorndike (1920) believed there are three kinds of intelligence: (1)social intelligence, (2)concrete intelligence ,and (3) abstract intelligence. According to Thorndike's definition of social intelligence, an intelligent person is the one who has the ability to understand the others and to make a good relationship with them (Thorndike, 1936 cited in Shoja Heidari, 2009).Emotional quotient (EQ) consists of the identification and control of our own emotions. …

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