Gender Based Study of Professional Technical Education in Women University in Pakistan

By Minhas, Badar Sultan; Israr, Mudassir | International Review of Management and Business Research, March 2013 | Go to article overview

Gender Based Study of Professional Technical Education in Women University in Pakistan


Minhas, Badar Sultan, Israr, Mudassir, International Review of Management and Business Research


Introduction

We have seen and heard about women for equal rights movements (Buechler et.al 1990). Women, consequently, achieved many goals of equal opportunity in education, in job market, right to vote etc. Now that they are getting education and even having separate institutions for getting Graduate degrees but do they really are able to participate in the job market equally. The study focuses on the females doing the job after completing education and what type of jobs are they doing. Are they still used for the job of receptionist or they have become professional. As a receptionist she is not contributing, as healthily as a professional, in economy.

Though, it is said that they need working outside homes, but we also hear comments like "they have deprived many males, of the chances to get the job". But it is open secret that they are in the job market and earning, in some cases, much better than the males. So, we are just studying about the statistics of women contributing in the job market for a better economy. They definitely play a vital role by working as house wives, sisters, mothers and daughters. The moral and social support, provided by them to males, is still recognized in several societies in the world. The status of women there is considered to be sacred and divine. But apart from that the paradigm shiftreflects more and more females becoming professionals and earning significant amount for helping their male counter parts in running the every day life. The evolution of her as a professional is due to the movements discussed above.

We intend to study for a specific time period the degree holder women are active in which job market of the society. The study is just focused towards empirical analysis of data gathered through official source just for study purposes. It will give the ratio of women who are doing the job, who are doing professional jobs, which fields do they prefer, is the limit from availability of seats or depends on how many students appear for the program, pay range in graduates from different courses.

It may be helpful for new researchers in focusing some specific area in women education. It may also provide important feed back to educational and professional organizations. The study can be used in variety of ways by various entities in society.

Intentions of noticing the job type are also there to get the picture of present era educated women has improved the status in job market from show piece for attracting the customers to active role players in business development. Types of job in the past were doctors and teachers (Eccles & Harold 2001) and some were selected as receptionist or symbol of marketing as is depicted in magazines and TV channels. So, we feel a bit improvement in the women's image in the business world. She is demanded highly in showbiz but at the same time the percentage of her activity in other more graceful professions is increasing.

Women's role as great contributor towards economy is now highly accepted. Their capability is at par with male counter parts. Only problem is they don't get the motivation and appreciation from socialzers (Eccles & Harold 2001). It comes out to be a situation where females are now willing to participate but the problem is male and the social setup. The lack of motivators and appreciators is another analogy in this regard. The study is to see their natural tendency and what factors do the females think are reason for not getting to active professional life and why do they still are becoming teachers.

Rationale

Increasing pressure on women may result in disturbance of social setup. Television advertisement, programs, seminars and efforts done by other groups to motivate women may not appreciate women in techno-economy rather put another burden of not going for maternity leave, not caring for family, not raising kids. This may badly impact the standards of women social life. It appears to be a forced paradigm shiftopposing the women status for thousands of years, often claimed to be the real status of women as most of the other species show the same male/female attitude and behavior as do the human race. …

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