Undergraduates Perspectives on Sex Education and Teenage Pregnancy in Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
Akanbi, Moses Ayokunle, Adetoro, Gbemisola Wuraola, Okoya, Omolola Omowunmi, Gender & Behaviour
This study examines undergraduates' perspective on sex education and teenage pregnancy in Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. The study population was 250 undergraduates of Covenant University. Frequency tables, linear regression analysis and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data collected via self-administered questionnaires. Two hypotheses were tested in this study. The results derived from this study are: firstly, that the level of awareness on sex education is significantly related to teenage pregnancy. . Secondly, the t statistics at p=0.000 shows that there is a high significant relationship between the use of contraceptive and teenage pregnancy. Also, the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) indicated that at p= 0.000, there is a high significant relationship between sex education and teenage pregnancy. Thus, the paper recommends the following: Firstly, that there should be, as a matter of urgency, the establishment of functional youth-friendly services that will enable teenagers to express their opinions on sexual activity. Secondly, teenagers should be exposed to basic sex education in both primary and secondary schools so that contraceptive methods and their usage will not be strange to them. Thirdly, training of teenagers by healthcare service providers should be made available to the teenagers so that they would be able to open up on matters relating to their sexual life.
Key Words: Undergraduates, Sex education, Teenage pregnancy and Perspectives
Several Scholars across the globe have dealt with the issue of 'sex education' and 'teenage pregnancy' in the past years. However, no single remedy or program was identified to have helped the global society in preventing all unplanned teenage pregnancies (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2009). Obviously, teens in every society are of diverse groups with different family upbringing and environmental exposures, this might be one of the responsible factors for ineffective prevention of teenage pregnancy.
This study discusses the definitional concepts of 'sex education' and 'teenage pregnancy' because the understanding of these two vital concepts is germane to addressing the issue properly. Basically, sex education refers to formal programs of instruction on a wide range of issues relating to human sexuality, including human sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual intercourse, reproductive health, emotional relations, reproductive rights and responsibilities, abstinence, contraception, and other aspects of human sexual behaviour (Barbara, 2011). However, another author defined sex education as 'the study of the characteristics of beings; a male and female, such characteristics make up the person's sexuality' (Burt, 2009). Alternatively, teenage pregnancy is the pregnancy by a female of under 20years. A teenager is a person (boy or girl) who is between 13 to 19 years old (Longman Dictionaiy of Contemporaiy English, 2007).
It is generally attached to a female who is unmarried and usually referred to as an 'unplanned pregnancy'. Human physiology has made it known that pregnancy can take place in the life of a girl at any time after puberty. In essence, the first menstrual period (that is, menarche) normally takes place around age twelve or thirteen years. And consequently, the female or girl-child becomes potentially fertile (Barbara, 2011).
Studies have shown that in South Korea, the rate of teenage pregnancy vary from 143 per 1000 girls and varies from 2.9 per 1000 in Sub- Saharan African countries (United Nations Children Fund; UNICEF, 2001).
Many studies and campaigns has been attempted in order to uncover the causes and limit the numbers of teenage pregnancies. This increase may be attributed to lack or inadequate sex education of teenagers while growing. In most countries today, teen pregnancy is becoming veiy rampant so also sexually transmitted diseases and infections (STDs and STIs). Teenage pregnancy is dependent on a number of personal and societal factors. …