Performance Evaluation of Tour De France Cycling Teams Using Data Envelopment Analysis

By Rogge, Nicky; Van Reeth, Daam et al. | International Journal of Sport Finance, August 2013 | Go to article overview

Performance Evaluation of Tour De France Cycling Teams Using Data Envelopment Analysis


Rogge, Nicky, Van Reeth, Daam, Van Puyenbroeck, Tom, International Journal of Sport Finance


Abstract

This paper uses a robust (order-m) DEA approach to evaluate the efficiency of Tour de France cycling teams. Since there are multiple ways this event can be successful for a cycling team, we take it that managers face strategic input decisions regarding team and rider characteristics. Specifically, we distinguish between ranking teams, sprint teams, and mixed teams, and compute for each team an efficiency score as due to the team's performance relative to similarly classified teams and an efficiency score that is the consequence of the team type. We find that ranking teams are generally more efficient than other types of cycling teams.

Keywords: data envelopment analysis, Tour de France, cycling, team types, performance evaluation, robust order-m

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

The Tour de France is the most important cycling race in the world. The three-week race captures the interest of millions of cycling fans every day and gets worldwide media coverage. This significant exposure renders the Tour de France the primary season goal for most top cycling teams and motivates managers to line up their best riders. In fact, Tour de France success sometimes makes all the difference for a continued sponsorship of a professional cycling team. An analysis of the performance of Tour de France cycling teams therefore clearly is appropriate.

Performance studies of professional road cycling are, however, still rare in the economics of sports literature. This is partly due to two distinguishing features of cycling that make such analyzes less straightforward. First, cycling is a sport in which one individual receives the glory of team production. It is "Bradley Wiggins" who appears on the roll of honour of the 2012 Tour de France, not "Sky Professional Cycling Team." Still, it would have been impossible for Wiggins to win without the support of a strong team. Second, there are many prizes to be won in a multistage race like the Tour de France. Evidently, not all cycling teams are able to win the prestigious overall time classification, but they can still strive for important secondary prizes. This will have an impact on their team selection. Hence, an appropriate performance analysis should account both for the multiple ways of being successful in the Tour as well as for the different goals that cycling teams may have in that respect.

Our focus on teams is one obvious way in which this paper differs from the small body of literature that has addressed professional road cycling performance before. Prinz (2005) and Torgler (2007) do use team data, but only as explanatory variables for individual performances. Both Sterken (2005) and Cherchye and Vermeulen (2006) entirely abstract from team importance in their analysis. Note that team efficiency analyzes are rather common in the sports economics literature, especially for popular European and American team sports. We refer, for instance, to the papers on soccer by Haas (2003), Espitia-Escuer and Garcia-Cebrian (2004) and Pestana Barros and Leach (2006). Cooper, Ruiz, and Sirvent (2009) and Rimler, Song, and Yi (2010) analyze efficiency in basketball, while baseball and American football team efficiency is addressed by Hadley, Poitras, Ruggiero, and Knowles (2000), Einolf (2004), and Collier, Johnson, and Ruggiero (2011).

The multiple-prize nature of the Tour de France is not taken up by Sterken (2005) and Torgler (2007), who focus on the overall classification only. Both Prinz (2005), by using total prize money, and Cherchye and Vermeulen (2006), by aggregating information from different rankings into one ranking, do embed the multiple prizes context into the analyses. Still, by focusing on individuals, their assessments neglect an important real element of strategic positioning that is largely at a team manager's discretion.

In this paper, we thus broaden the scope of earlier analyses, which focused on individual performance, used a single output statistic, and abstracted from ex ante diversity of team aspirations. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Performance Evaluation of Tour De France Cycling Teams Using Data Envelopment Analysis
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.